Bankruptcy Practice in Virginia

Bankruptcy Practice in Virginia
Publication Date: 2012
Electronic Forms: 11
Available Formats: Print (704 pages, looseleaf, 1 volume)
  Electronic (searchable PDF via flash drive, CD, or immediate download)
  Both Print and Electronic formats
  Individual chapters available for download
Product #: 898

Information

Content Highlights:

  • Commencement of a Case and Proceedings in a Pending Case
  • Case Administration
  • Property of the Bankruptcy Estate
  • Fresh Start and Discharge
  • Powers of the Bankruptcy Trustee
  • Debtor Exemptions and Avoidance Actions
  • Chapter 7: Liquidation Plan
  • Chapter 13: Wage Earner Plan
  • Chapter 11: Reorganization
  • Electronic Case Filing
  • Jurisdictional Issues
  • Roles of Attorneys and Other Professionals
  • Tax and Accounting Issues
  • Representing the Creditor
  • Bankruptcy Crimes and Fraud

2016 Edition In Production. Purchase the current edition today and receive the 2016 edition without charge when published.

The product of years of effort and experience by leading bankruptcy practitioners and judges in both the Eastern and Western Districts of Virginia, this book helps answer questions such as how to save a business through a reorganization; what happens when you are pursuing an action on behalf of a creditor and the debtor files for bankruptcy protection; how to get relief from the automatic stay; and how to engage in pre-bankruptcy planning without getting your client (and yourself) into trouble with criminal statutes pertaining to the concealment of assets. It also provides an overview of the substantial changes the Bankruptcy Abuse Prevention and Consumer Protection Act of 2005 (BAPCPA) made to the Bankruptcy Code.


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Table of Contents

CHAPTER LIST

1. History And Purpose Of Bankruptcy Law

2. Commencement Of A Case And Proceedings In A Pending Case

3. Case Administration

4. Property Of The Bankruptcy Estate

5. Fresh Start And Discharge

6. Powers Of The Bankruptcy Trustee

7. Debtor Exemptions And Avoidance Actions

8. Chapter 7: Liquidation Plan

9. Chapter 13: Wage Earner Plan

10. Chapter 11: Reorganization

11. Electronic Case Filing

12. Jurisdictional Issues

13. Roles Of Attorneys And Other Professionals

14. Tax And Accounting Issues

15. Representing The Creditor

16. Bankruptcy Crimes And Fraud

CHAPTER 1: HISTORY AND PURPOSE OF BANKRUPTCY LAW  (back to top)
    
        1.1 INTRODUCTION
    
        1.2 HISTORY OF BANKRUPTCY
            1.201 Early and Middle Ages
            1.202 Colonial and Modern United States
    
        1.3 PURPOSE AND POLICIES
    
        1.4 STRUCTURE OF THE CODE AND BANKRUPTCY PARTICIPANTS
            1.401 Organization of Title 11
            1.402 The Trustee
            1.403 The United States Trustee
            1.404 The Judge
            1.405 The Debtor
            1.406 The Creditor
    
        1.5 TYPES OF RELIEF
            1.501 Chapter 7
            1.502 Chapter 11
            1.503 Chapter 12
            1.504 Chapter 13
            1.505 Chapter 15
    
        1.6 BANKRUPTCY ABUSE PREVENTION AND CONSUMER PROTECTION ACT OF 2005

CHAPTER 2: COMMENCEMENT OF A CASE AND PROCEEDINGS IN A PENDING CASE  (back to top)

        2.1 ADMISSION TO PRACTICE IN BANKRUPTCY COURT
            2.101 In General
            2.102 Requirements for Admission
            2.103 Practice by Attorneys Not Licensed in Virginia
            2.104 Application and Certification Forms
            2.105 Non-Attorney Representatives
            2.106 Attorneys’ Ethical Obligations
    
        2.2 INITIAL PLEADINGS
            2.201 Petition
            2.202 Matrix of Creditors
            2.203 Creditor’s Address
            2.204 Filing Fees
            2.205 Amendment of Pleadings
            2.206 Electronic Case Filing
    
        2.3 SCHEDULES AND STATEMENTS
            2.301 In General
            2.302 Schedules A-J
            2.303 Statements
            2.304 Redaction of Personal Information
    
        2.4 OTHER NECESSARY PLEADINGS AND PAPERS
            2.401 Homestead Deed
            2.402 Corporate Resolution
            2.403 Additional Papers for Chapter 11 Cases
            2.404 Chapter 12 Repayment Plan
            2.405 Chapter 13 Repayment Plan
            2.406 Most Recent Tax Return
            2.407 Interest in Education IRA
            2.408 Proof of Identity
            2.409 Statement Disclosing Postpetition Change in Income
    
        2.5 SUBSTANTIVE CONSOLIDATION AND JOINT ADMINISTRATION
            2.501 In General
            2.502 Substantive Consolidation
            2.503 Joint Administration
    
        2.6 ELIGIBILITY OF DEBTOR
            2.601 In General
            2.602 Briefing with Budget and Credit Counseling Entity
            2.603 Chapter 7
            2.604 Chapter 9
            2.605 Chapter 11
            2.606 Chapter 12
            2.607 Chapter 13
    
        2.7 TYPES OF PROCEEDINGS
            2.701 “Adversary Proceedings” and “Contested Matters” Distinguished
            2.702 Caption of the Pleadings
    
        2.8 ADVERSARY PROCEEDINGS
            2.801 Types of Relief Sought
            2.802 Applicable Bankruptcy Rules: Part VII
            2.803 Initial Pleadings
            2.804 Service of Summons and Complaint
            2.805 Discovery Conference and Required Disclosures
            2.806 Pretrial Conference
            2.807 Additional Forms Available at Eastern District Website
    
        2.9 CONTESTED MATTERS
            2.901 Initiation by Motion
            2.902 Matters Commenced by Objection to Motion
            2.903 Rules Applicable to Contested Matters
            2.904 Form of Pleading
            2.905 Filing Pleadings After Case Closed
            2.906 Service
            2.907 Response to a Motion
            2.908 Local Rules

CHAPTER 3: CASE ADMINISTRATION  (back to top)

        3.1 THE TRUSTEE IN CASE ADMINISTRATION
            3.101 Role of United States Trustee in Appointment and Supervision of Trustees
            3.102 Election of Trustee at Meeting of Creditors
            3.103 Administration by Debtor-in-Possession
            3.104 Duties of a Trustee
            3.105 Attorney-Client Privilege
            3.106 Conduct of Section 341 Hearing
            3.107 Scrutiny of Debtor’s Financial Affairs
            3.108 Employment of Professionals
            3.109 Distribution of Liquidated Estate
    
        3.2 USE, SALE OR LEASE OF ASSETS OR PROPERTY—SECTION 363
            3.201 Statutory Authority and Trustee’s Powers
            3.202 Use, Sale, or Lease in Ordinary Course of Business
            3.203 Use, Sale, or Lease Outside Ordinary Course of Business
            3.204 Sales Free and Clear of Interests
            3.205 Sale of Interests of Co-Owners
            3.206 Credit Bids by Secured Parties
            3.207 Effect of Law or Contract Provisions Prohibiting Use, Sale, or Lease of Property of the Estate
            3.208 Effect of Reversal or Modification Upon Appeal
            3.209 Prohibition Against Collusive Bidding
            3.210 Bidding Procedures and Buyer Protection Devices
    
        3.3 EXECUTORY CONTRACTS AND UNEXPIRED LEASES—SECTION 365
            3.301 Introduction
            3.302 Definitions
            3.303 Assumption or Rejection
            3.304 Time Periods to Assume or Reject
            3.305 Trustee’s Duties or Obligations Pending Assumption or Rejection
            3.306 Effect of Rejection
            3.307 Assignment
            3.308 General Matters
        
        3.4 CASH COLLATERAL AND POSTPETITION FINANCING
            3.401 Cash Collateral—Section 363
            3.402 Postpetition Financing—Section 364
    
        3.5 CONVERSION AND DISMISSAL OF CASES
            3.501 In General
            3.502 Conversion and Dismissal by Chapter
            3.503 Bad Faith Dismissal—Section 109(g)
            3.504 Effect of Conversion
            3.505 Effect of Dismissal
            3.506 Rules and Procedures for Dismissal or Conversion—Rule 1017
            3.507 Other Grounds for Dismissal or Transfer

CHAPTER 4: PROPERTY OF THE BANKRUPTCY ESTATE  (back to top)

        4.1 INTERESTS IN PROPERTY
            4.101 Concepts
            4.102 Interests in Real Property
            4.103 Interests in Personal Property
            4.104 Property Rights Personal to Debtor
            4.105 Rights of Action
            4.106 Bank Deposits
            4.107 Escrowed Assets
            4.108 Pawned Property
    
        4.2 INTERESTS IN RECOVERED OR PRESERVED PROPERTY
            4.201 Property Recovered by Trustee or Debtor-in-Possession
            4.202 Property Interests Preserved for the Benefit of the Estate
    
        4.3 INTERESTS ARISING UPON THE DEATH OF A NON-DEBTOR
            4.301 In General
            4.302 Death Occurring Before the Bankruptcy Filing
            4.303 Death Occurring After the Bankruptcy Filing
            4.304 Life Insurance Policies or Death Benefit Plans
    
        4.4 INTERESTS IN PROPERTY FROM A DIVORCE
            4.401 Debtor’s Entitlement to the Asset
            4.402 Necessity of Court Order or Property Settlement Agreement
            4.403 Future Spousal Support
            4.404 Vested Equitable Rights of Non-Debtor Spouse
    
        4.5 POSTPETITION DERIVATIVES FROM PROPERTY OF THE ESTATE
            4.501 In General
            4.502 Proceeds
            4.503 Rents
    
        4.6 POSTPETITION ACQUISITIONS
            4.601 In General
            4.602 Bankruptcy Trustee Contracts
            4.603 Proceeding Converted from Chapter 11 to Chapter 7
            4.604 Loss of Tenancy by the Entireties Status
    
        4.7 POWERS EXERCISABLE FOR THE BENEFIT OF A NON-DEBTOR
            4.701 Powers of Appointment
            4.702 Corporate Powers
            4.703 Failed Trusts
    
        4.8 EXPIRED AND EXPIRING LEASES
            4.801 Commercial Leases
            4.802 Residential or Personal Property Leases
    
        4.9 PROPERTY ENCUMBERED BY RESTRICTIONS ON TRANSFER
            4.901 Contractual Provisions that Purport to Cancel the Debtor’s Property Rights Upon Insolvency
            4.902 Non-Retirement Spendthrift Trusts

CHAPTER 5: FRESH START AND DISCHARGE  (back to top)

        5.1 INTRODUCTION
    
        5.2 TREATMENT OF ENCUMBERED ASSETS
            5.201 In General
            5.202 Retaining Encumbered Assets
            5.203 Abandonment of Property of the Estate
            5.204 Avoidance of Liens
            5.205 Reaffirmation of Secured Debt
            5.206 Redemption of Encumbered Assets
    
        5.3 DISCHARGE IN BANKRUPTCY GENERALLY
    
        5.4 CHAPTER 7 DISCHARGE
            5.401 In General
            5.402 Procedures for Objecting to Discharge
            5.403 Time Limitations
            5.404 Burden of Proof
            5.405 Grounds for Objecting to Discharge
            5.406 Revocation of Chapter 7 Discharge
    
        5.5 CHAPTER 13 DISCHARGE
            5.501 In General
            5.502 Hardship Discharge
            5.503 Limitation on Chapter 13 Discharge
            5.504 Discharge of Postpetition Debts
            5.505 Revocation of Chapter 13 Discharge
    
        5.6 CHAPTER 11 DISCHARGE
            5.601 In General
            5.602 Not Granted in Liquidation
        
        5.7 CHAPTER 12 DISCHARGE
            5.701 Denial of Discharge
            5.702 Revocation of Discharge
    
        5.8 EFFECT OF DISCHARGE
            5.801 In General
            5.802 Enjoins Creditor Action
            5.803 Release from Liability
            5.804 Some Liens Still Enforceable
            5.805 Liability of Co-Debtors or Makers
    
        5.9 CREDITOR’S PERSPECTIVE
            5.901 Objection to Discharge Versus Objection to Dischargeability of a Debt
            5.902 Non-Dischargeable Debts
            5.903 Time Limitations for Filing Objections to Discharge
            5.904 Procedures for Objecting to Dischargeability of a Debt
            5.905 Time for Filing
            5.906 Extensions of Time
            5.907 Timing of Other Objections
            5.908 Exceptions to the Dischargeability of Debts

CHAPTER 6: POWERS OF THE BANKRUPTCY TRUSTEE  (back to top)

        6.1 SECTION 544: TRUSTEE AS LIEN CREDITOR
            6.101 In General
            6.102 Scope of Trustee’s Strong Arm Rights and Powers
            6.103 Trustee as Judgment Lien Creditor
            6.104 Trustee as Unsatisfied Judgment Creditor
            6.105 Trustee as Bona Fide Purchaser of Real Property
    
        6.2 SECTION 545: STATUTORY LIENS
            6.201 In General
            6.202 Insolvency Liens
            6.203 Unperfected or Unenforceable Liens
            6.204 Liens for Rent
            6.205 Avoidance Powers Subject to Seller’s Reclamation Rights
    
        6.3 SECTION 547: PREFERENCES
            6.301 In General
            6.302 Transfer of an Interest in Property
            6.303 Antecedent Debt
            6.304 Transfer Made While Debtor Is Insolvent
            6.305 Creditor Receives More Than if the Case Had Been a Chapter 7
            Proceeding
            6.306 Transfers to Insiders
            6.307 Burden of Proof
            6.308 Exceptions
        
        6.4 SECTION 548: FRAUDULENT CONVEYANCES
            6.401 In General
            6.402 Elements of Proof Under Section 548(a)
            6.403 When the Transfer or Obligation Occurred
            6.404 Actual Fraud
            6.405 Constructive Fraud
            6.406 Charitable Transfers
            6.407 Partnerships
            6.408 Good Faith Transferees
    
        6.5 SECTION 549: POSTPETITION TRANSACTIONS
            6.501 In General
            6.502 Transfers Made in the Ordinary Course of Business
            6.503 Involuntary Transfers
            6.504 Transfers to Good Faith Purchasers
            6.505 Statute of Limitations
            6.506 Jury Trial
    
        6.6 SECTION 553: SETOFF AND RECOUPMENT
            6.601 In General
            6.602 Mutuality
            6.603 Conditions to Exercise of Setoff
            6.604 Recoupment
    
        6.7 SECTION 550: LIABILITY OF TRANSFEREE OF AVOIDED TRANSFER
            6.701 In General
            6.702 Limitations on Recovery
    
        6.8 SECTION 551: AUTOMATIC PRESERVATION OF AVOIDED TRANSFER
            6.801 In General
            6.802 Preservation for Benefit of Estate
            6.803 Priority Status of Estate’s Interest
    
        6.9 SECTION 546: LIMITATIONS ON AVOIDANCE POWERS
            6.901 In General
            6.902 Time Limitations
            6.903 Limitations on Power to Avoid Postpetition Perfection
            6.904 Seller’s Right of Reclamation
            6.905 Certain Transfers Not Avoidable

CHAPTER 7: DEBTOR EXEMPTIONS AND AVOIDANCE ACTIONS  (back to top)

        7.1 EXEMPTION SYSTEM
    
        7.2 METHOD OF CLAIMING EXEMPTIONS
            7.201 Schedule C of the Bankruptcy Schedules
            7.202 Homestead Deed
    
        7.3 AVAILABLE EXEMPTIONS
            7.301 Homestead Exemption
            7.302 Poor Debtor’s Exemption
            7.303 Other Exemptions
    
        7.4 PROPERTY HELD AS TENANTS BY THE ENTIRETY
            7.401 In General
            7.402 Grant Must Be Specific
            7.403 Real and Personal Property Coverage
            7.404 Impact on Joint Bankruptcy Cases
            7.405 Entireties Property Is Not Immune From Tax Liens
    
        7.5 EXEMPTION PLANNING AND DEBTOR AVOIDANCE ACTIONS
            7.501 In General
            7.502 Trustee’s Ability to Retain or Offset Exempt Property
    
        7.6 OBJECTIONS TO EXEMPTIONS
            7.601 Deadlines for Objections
            7.602 Deadlines for Objections to Amended Exemptions
            7.603 Inappropriate or Frivolous Exemptions
            7.604 Objection Period in Converted Cases
            7.605 Basis for Objections
            7.606 Basis for Attorney Fee Award for Litigation of Allowed Exemption
    
        APPENDIX 7-1: HOMESTEAD DEED FOR REAL PROPERTY
    
        APPENDIX 7-2: HOMESTEAD DEED FOR PERSONAL PROPERTY
    
        APPENDIX 7-3: OBJECTION TO EXEMPTIONS
    
        APPENDIX 7-4: LIST OF EXEMPTIONS

CHAPTER 8: CHAPTER 7: LIQUIDATION PLAN  (back to top)

        8.1 INTRODUCTION
            8.101 Source of Law
            8.102 Overview of the Process
            8.103 Candidates for Chapter 7
            8.104 Nature of the Discharge
            8.105 Automatic Dismissal
    
        8.2 PRE-INTERVIEW MAILING
            8.201 Providing Advance Information
            8.202 Alternatives to Bankruptcy
            8.203 Pre-Consultation Questionnaire
            8.204 Obtaining Client Credit Reports
            8.205 Information and Materials
            8.206 Prior Bankruptcies
            8.207 Prior Homestead Deeds
    
        8.3 INITIAL MEETING WITH CLIENTS
            8.301 Explaining the Process
            8.302 Relevant Factors
            8.303 Choice of Chapter
            8.304 Full Disclosure
            8.305 Effect on Future Credit
            8.306 Timing the Filing
            8.307 Where to File
            8.308 Client Communication
            8.309 Handling Creditor Contacts
            8.310 Debt Payments
            8.311 Continued Use of Credit Cards
            8.312 Redemption
            8.313 Reaffirmation
            8.314 Engagement Agreement
            8.315 Recovery of Property
            8.316 Protecting Cash Accounts
            8.317 Pension or Retirement Accounts
            8.318 Codebtors or Guarantors
            8.319 Nondischargeable Debts
            8.320 Tax Debts
            8.321 Fraud and Other Problems
            8.322 United States Trustee’s Office
            8.323 Action List
    
        8.4 PREPARATION OF SCHEDULES
            8.401 Office Procedures
            8.402 Encouraging Client Compliance
            8.403 Attorney and Client Review
    
        8.5 TITLE SEARCH ON REAL ESTATE
            8.501 Reasons for the Search
            8.502 Timing of the Title Search
            8.503 Malpractice Concerns
    
        8.6 VALUATION ISSUES
            8.601 Verification of Payoff and Value
            8.602 Perfection Issues
    
        8.7 FILING THE BANKRUPTCY PETITION
            8.701 General Information
            8.702 Schedules of Debts
            8.703 Schedules of Assets
            8.704 Monthly Budget
            8.705 Statement of Financial Affairs
            8.706 Statement of Intentions
    
        8.8 AFTER THE PETITION IS FILED
            8.801 Debtor’s Duties
            8.802 Creditors’ Meeting
            8.803 Subsequent Hearings
            8.804 Working with the Trustee
            8.805 Discharge
    
        8.9 POSTPETITION CREDITOR ACTION
    
        8.10 DISCRIMINATORY TREATMENT
            8.1001 In General
            8.1002 By Governmental Units
            8.1003 By Private Employers
    
        8.11 LEGAL AND ETHICAL ISSUES
            8.1101 In General
            8.1102 Protecting Assets
    
        APPENDIX 8-1: CHECKLIST
    
        APPENDIX 8-2: INITIAL CLIENT QUESTIONNAIRE
    
        APPENDIX 8-3: COVER LETTER ACCOMPANYING BANKRUPTCY SCHEDULES
    
        APPENDIX 8-4: LETTER TO CLIENT

CHAPTER 9: CHAPTER 13: WAGE EARNER PLAN  (back to top)

        9.1 NATURE OF A CHAPTER 13 CASE
            9.101 In General
            9.102 Choice of Chapters
    
        9.2 INITIATING A CHAPTER 13 CASE
            9.201 Chapter 13 Petition
            9.202 Automatic Dismissal
            9.203 Getting the Documents Together
            9.204 Practice Pointers
    
        9.3 FORMULATING AND FILING A CHAPTER 13 PLAN
            9.301 In General
            9.302 Form Chapter 13 Plan for Virginia
            9.303 Drafting the Plan
    
        9.4 GETTING TO CONFIRMATION: FROM PETITION TO THE CONFIRMATION HEARING
            9.401 In General
            9.402 Postpetition, Pre-Confirmation Motions and Orders
            9.403 Section 341 Meeting of Creditors
            9.404 From 341 Meeting to the Confirmation Hearing
    
        9.5 CONFIRMATION OF THE PLAN
            9.501 The Confirmation Hearing
            9.502 Confirmation Criteria
            9.503 Proving Confirmation Over an Objection: Carrying the Burden of Proof
            9.504 The Effect of Plan Confirmation
            9.505 Effect of Plan Confirmation on Property of the Estate
    
        9.6 POSTCONFIRMATION PRACTICE: WHAT CAN HAPPEN AFTER THE PLAN IS CONFIRMED
            9.601 In General
            9.602 Debtor Education
            9.603 Claims Review
            9.604 Postconfirmation Plan Modification
            9.605 Postconfirmation Motions
    
        9.7 COMPLETION AND DISCHARGE
            9.701 Discharge Requirements
            9.702 Debts that May Be Discharged
            9.703 Hardship Discharge
            9.704 Eligibility for Discharge in Future Case
            9.705 Retention of Records and Reestablishment of Credit
    
        APPENDIX 9-1: FORM B22C—CHAPTER 13 INCOME STATEMENT
    
        APPENDIX 9-2: TIPS FOR COMPLETING FORM B22C (CMI FORM)
    
        APPENDIX 9-3: SPECIAL NOTICE
    
        APPENDIX 9-4: TIPS FOR PREPARING SCHEDULES
    
        APPENDIX 9-5: SAMPLE OBJECTIONS TO CONFIRMATION
    
        APPENDIX 9-6: AFFIDAVIT REQUESTING CONFIRMATION
    
        APPENDIX 9-7: CERTIFICATION OF COMPLIANCE WITH SECTION 1328
    
        APPENDIX 9-8: CHAPTER 13 PLAN AND RELATED MOTIONS
    
        APPENDIX 9-9: NOTICE OF PROPOSED ADEQUATE PROTECTION PAYMENTS AND OPPORTUNITY FOR
        HEARING ON OBJECTION

CHAPTER 10: CHAPTER 11: REORGANIZATION  (back to top)

        10.1 INTRODUCTION
            10.101 In General
            10.102 Planning Stage
            10.103 Early Days
            10.104 Business Stabilization
            10.105 Plan Process
            10.106 Creditor Perspective
    
        10.2 DEBTOR-IN-POSSESSION
    
        10.3 CREDITORS’ COMMITTEES
        
        10.4 OPERATING ISSUES
    
        10.5 TRANSACTIONS IN THE ORDINARY COURSE OF BUSINESS
    
        10.6 TRANSACTIONS OUTSIDE THE ORDINARY COURSE OF BUSINESS
    
        10.7 EXAMINER-TRUSTEE
    
        10.8 EXCLUSIVITY
            10.801 Extension of Exclusivity
            10.802 Termination of Exclusivity
    
        10.9 ELEMENTS OF A CHAPTER 11 PLAN
    
        10.10 DISCLOSURE STATEMENT
    
        10.11 CONFIRMATION OF THE PLAN
    
        10.12 EFFECT OF CONFIRMATION
    
        10.13 POSTCONFIRMATION ISSUES

CHAPTER 11: ELECTRONIC CASE FILING  (back to top)

        11.1 INTRODUCTION
    
        11.2 CASE MANAGEMENT/ELECTRONIC CASE FILES (CM/ECF) SYSTEM
            11.201 In Virginia
            11.202 Registration as a User
            11.203 Methods of Filing
            11.204 Status of “Paper” Filings
            11.205 Extended Filing Deadlines
            11.206 Mailed Service
            11.207 Electronic Service
            11.208 File Availability
            11.209 Retrieval of Closed Files
            11.210 Expanded Practice Area
            11.211 Sample Pleadings
    
        11.3 DRAWBACKS
            11.301 Initial Costs
            11.302 Monitoring Notices Sent by Email
            11.303 Pleading Names
            11.304 Potential for Identity Theft
            11.305 Malpractice Concerns
        
        11.4 INTEGRATION WITHIN THE COURTS
            11.401 Original Signatures
            11.402 Functions of Original Signatures
            11.403 Fraud
        
        11.5 FILING REQUIREMENTS
            11.501 Local Court Rules
            11.502 Future Direction
    
        11.6 PREPARATION FOR USING ECF
            11.601 ECF Court Liaison
            11.602 Infrastructure
            11.603 Self Review
    
        11.7 TIPS AND REFERENCES
            11.701 File Retention
            11.702 Systems Use
            11.703 Back-Up
    
        11.8 CONCLUSION

CHAPTER 12: JURISDICTIONAL ISSUES  (back to top)

        12.1 BANKRUPTCY JURISDICTION
            12.101 History
            12.102 Background
            12.103 Jurisdiction
            12.104 Referral From the District Court
            12.105 Core Proceedings
            12.106 Withdrawal of Reference
            12.107 Abstention
    
        12.2 VENUE
            12.201 Venue of Bankruptcy Cases
            12.202 Venue Under Title 11
            12.203 Change of Venue
            12.204 Venue of Cases Ancillary to Foreign Proceedings
    
        12.3 SOVEREIGN IMMUNITY
            12.301 Statutory Framework
            12.302 Central Virginia Community College v. Katz
            12.303 Lower Court Decisions Interpreting Katz
            12.304 United States Supreme Court Cases Prior to Katz
            12.305 Section 106
    
        12.4 STATE COURT JUDGMENTS
            12.401 The Rooker-Feldman Doctrine
            12.402 Collateral Estoppel and Res Judicata
    
        12.5 JURY TRIALS
            12.501 Right to a Jury Trial
            12.502 Jury Trial Demand
            12.503 28 U.S.C. § 1411
            12.504 Jury Trials in Removed Actions
            12.505 Withdrawal of Reference
            12.506 Waiver of Right to Jury Trial

CHAPTER 13: ROLES OF ATTORNEYS AND OTHER PROFESSIONALS  (back to top)

        13.1 PAYMENT OF DEBTOR’S COUNSEL IN CHAPTER 7 CASES
            13.101 Source of Payment
            13.102 Timing of Payment
            13.103 Requirement for Disclosure
            13.104 Court Review of Fees Charged by Debtor’s Counsel
    
        13.2 PAYMENT OF DEBTOR’S COUNSEL IN CHAPTER 13 CASES
            13.201 Source of Payment
            13.202 Standard for Approval
            13.203 Procedure
            13.204 Supplemental Fees
    
        13.3 APPLICATIONS TO EMPLOY PROFESSIONALS
            13.301 Necessity for Court Approval of Employment
            13.302 Retroactive or “Nunc Pro Tunc” Approval of Employment
            13.303 Approval of Individual Extends to Whole Firm
            13.304 In-House Professionals
            13.305 Who Is a Professional?
            13.306 Qualifications for Employment
            13.307 Procedure
    
        13.4 DISINTERESTEDNESS
            13.401 “Disinterested Person” Defined
            13.402 Grounds for Disqualification
    
        13.5 FIDUCIARY OBLIGATIONS OF PROFESSIONALS EMPLOYED BY THE ESTATE
            13.501 Background
            13.502 Fiduciary Obligation of Professionals
    
        13.6 FEE APPLICATIONS
            13.601 Statutory Framework
            13.602 Bankruptcy Rules and Local Bankruptcy Rules
    
        13.7 UNITED STATES TRUSTEE GUIDELINES
            13.701 Statutory Authority
            13.702 The Guidelines
            13.703 Sample Fee Application
            13.704 Assistance of Other Professionals
    
        13.8 DISGORGEMENT IN THE ADMINISTRATIVELY INSOLVENT CASE
            13.801 Applicable Bankruptcy Code Provisions
            13.802 Whether Disgorgement of Fees Is Appropriate in Administrative Insolvency
        
        13.9 ETHICAL ISSUES FOR ATTORNEYS
            13.901 Attorney’s Duties to Client
            13.902 Special Issues in Bankruptcy
            13.903 Attorneys as Debt Relief Agencies
    
        APPENDIX 13-1: APPLICATION FOR APPROVAL OF COMPENSATION BY DEBTOR’S COUNSEL IN A
        CHAPTER 13 CASE
    
        APPENDIX 13-2: APPLICATION BY COUNSEL FOR A CHAPTER 13 DEBTOR FOR APPROVAL AND PAYMENT
        OF SUPPLEMENTAL FEES
    
        APPENDIX 13-3: APPLICATION TO EMPLOY COUNSEL FOR A CHAPTER 11
        DEBTOR-IN-POSSESSION
    
        APPENDIX 13-4: FINAL APPLICATION FOR COMPENSATION AND REIMBURSEMENT
    
        APPENDIX 13-5: GUIDELINES FOR REVIEWING APPLICATIONS FOR COMPENSATION AND
        REIMBURSEMENT OF EXPENSES
    
        APPENDIX 13-6: EASTERN DISTRICT STANDING ORDER NO. 08-1

CHAPTER 14: TAX AND ACCOUNTING ISSUES  (back to top)

        14.1 INDIVIDUAL BANKRUPTCIES
            14.101 Bankruptcy Estate a Separate Tax Entity
            14.102 Initial Duties of Trustee
            14.103 Trustee’s Duty to File Tax Returns
            14.104 Trustee’s Liability for Estate Taxes
            14.105 Computation of Tax
            14.106 Administrative Expenses
            14.107 Net Operating Losses
            14.108 Property Taxes
            14.109 Estimated Taxes
            14.110 Abandonment of Property to the Debtor
    
        14.2 CORPORATE BANKRUPTCIES
            14.201 Taxable Entity
            14.202 Tax Attributes
            14.203 Filing Requirements
            14.204 Subchapter S Corporations
    
        14.3 PARTNERSHIP BANKRUPTCIES
            14.301 Taxable Entity
            14.302 Filing Requirements
            14.303 Characterization of Partnership Items and Income
    
        14.4 CANCELLATION OF DEBT
            14.401 Cancellation of Debt (COD) Income Defined
            14.402 Items That Do Not Constitute COD Income
            14.403 COD Income That Is Excluded From Gross Income
            14.404 Special Rules Relating to Partnerships and S Corporations
            14.405 The Impact of Excluding COD Income
            14.406 Federal Form 982
    
        14.5 SECTION 505(b) 60-DAY CLEARANCE
            14.501 Application for Determination of Unpaid Liability
            14.502 Failure of IRS to Timely Respond
            14.503 Expedited Audit
            14.504 Audit When Income Insufficient to Require Return
            14.505 Request for Determination of Refund
            14.506 Chapter 13 Cases
    
        14.6 FEDERAL FORM W-2 AND RELATED TAX FILINGS
            14.601 Trustee’s Responsibility for Wage-Related Tax Filings
            14.602 Form W-2
    
        14.7 FEDERAL FORM 1099
            14.701 Trustee’s Responsibility to File
            14.702 Distributions for Which Filing Is Not Required
            14.703 Obtaining Required Information
    
        14.8 OTHER TAXES
            14.801 Sales Tax
            14.802 Transfer Taxes
    
        14.9 PENALTIES
            14.901 Failure to File Return
            14.902 Failure to Pay Tax
            14.903 Failure to File Correct Information Returns
            14.904 Failure to Furnish Correct Payee Statements
            14.905 Penalty for Noncompliance with Electronic Filing Requirements
            14.906 Relief From Tax Penalties
    
        14.10 FINANCIAL REPORTING
            14.1001 Full Disclosure of Financial Information
            14.1002 Bankruptcy Schedules
            14.1003 Statement of Financial Affairs
            14.1004 Monthly Operating Reports
            14.1005 Small Business Requirements
            14.1006 Other Reporting Requirements
            14.1007 Financial Reporting When Entities Emerge from Chapter 11
    
        APPENDIX 14-1: DEBTOR’S BALANCE SHEET—FRESH START ACCOUNTING

CHAPTER 15: REPRESENTING THE CREDITOR  (back to top)

        15.1 INTRODUCTION
    
        15.2 PROOFS OF CLAIM
            15.201 In General
            15.202 Definition of Claim
            15.203 Bar Date
            15.204 Secured Claims
            15.205 Common Mistakes
            15.206 Allowance of Claims and Objections
            15.207 Effect of Filing a Proof of Claim
    
        15.3 OVERVIEW OF THE AUTOMATIC STAY
            15.301 In General
            15.302 The Statute
            15.303 Purpose and Effect of the Automatic Stay
            15.304 Voidness or Voidability of Actions in Violation of Automatic Stay
            15.305 Pre-Petition Claims
            15.306 Property Interests Subject to Automatic Stay
            15.307 Property Exempt from the Automatic Stay
            15.308 Actions Excluded from the Automatic Stay
            15.309 Co-Debtor Stay
            15.310 Violations of the Automatic Stay
            15.311 Duration of the Stay
    
        15.4 RELIEF FROM THE AUTOMATIC STAY
            15.401 The Statute
            15.402 Bankruptcy Rule 4001
            15.403 Stay Pending Appeal
            15.404 Local Rules
            15.405 Grounds for Relief from the Automatic Stay
            15.406 Motion for Relief
            15.407 Form of Motion
            15.408 Ex Parte Relief
            15.409 Notice
            15.410 Notice to Adverse Parties
            15.411 Expert Testimony
            15.412 Non-Expert Opinion
            15.413 Trial
            15.414 Relief
            15.415 “Comfort Orders”

CHAPTER 16: BANKRUPTCY CRIMES AND FRAUD  (back to top)

        16.1 INTRODUCTION
    
        16.2 BANKRUPTCY CRIMES
            16.201 Criminal Intent
            16.202 Concealment of Assets
            16.203 False Oath
            16.204 False Claims
            16.205 Bribery
            16.206 Fraudulent Transfers
            16.207 Destruction, Concealment, or Withholding of Records
            16.208 Embezzlement
            16.209 Conflicts of Interest
            16.210 Illegal Fee Agreements
            16.211 Improper Petition Preparer Conduct
            16.212 Bankruptcy Fraud
            16.213 Statute of Limitations
            16.214 Required Reference of Criminal Matters
    
        16.3 RELATED CRIMES
            16.301 Aiding and Abetting
            16.302 Conspiracy
            16.303 False Statements—Perjury
            16.304 Wire, Mail, and Bank Fraud
            16.305 Obstruction of Justice
            16.306 Money Laundering
            16.307 Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations
    
        16.4 PRACTICE CONSIDERATIONS
            16.401 Pre-Bankruptcy Planning
            16.402 Petition, Schedules, and Statements
            16.403 Section 341 Meeting and the Debtor’s Duties
            16.404 Attorney Fees: Agreements and Disclosure
            16.405 Assets Sales
    
        16.5 CONCLUSION

TABLE OF AUTHORITIES

INDEX

Authors

Editors

Kevin R. Huennekens

H. David Cox

Authors

Benjamin C. Ackerly

Herbert L. Beskin

William H. Casterline, Jr.

Michael A. Condyles

Rebecca B. Connelly

Dale A. Davenport

Guy A. Davis

Douglas M. Foley

Dion W. Hayes

Steven L. Higgs

Hon. Ross W. Krumm

Mark C. Leffler

Dennis T. Lewandowski

Douglas E. Little

John K. Lyons

Bruce H. Matson

Richard C. Maxwell

Hon. Robert G. Mayer

Hon. Stephen S. Mitchell

Hon. Frank J. Santoro

Hon. William F. Stone, Jr.

Hon. Stephen C. St. John

Lynn L. Tavenner

Hon. Douglas O. Tice, Jr.

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