Civil Discovery in Virginia

Civil Discovery in Virginia
Publication Date: 2013
Electronic Forms: 26
Available Formats: Print (472 pages, looseleaf, 1 volume)
  Electronic (searchable PDF via flash drive, CD, or immediate download)
  Both Print and Electronic formats
Product #: 881

Information

Content Highlights:
  • Planning and Using Discovery
  • Scope of Discovery
  • Interrogatories
  • Inspection of Documents, Things, and Places
  • Initiating and Preparing For Depositions
  • Taking and Defending Depositions
  • Depositions Used and Taken in Other States
  • Physical and Mental Examination of Persons
  • Discovery of Experts
  • Requests for Admission
  • Judicial Supervision and Enforcement
  • Key Discovery Principles
  • Discovery in The Digital Age

Analysis and tactics for both the party seeking discovery and the party protecting a client’s privileged or sensitive material.

This book helps to determine what is permitted by the rules and how to use each discovery tool to best advantage; how to prepare a comprehensive discovery plan; what ethical problems may be encountered and how to avoid them; and what help may be expected from the court when faced with a discovery obstacle.


New Multi-Book Discount. Buy ANY 2 books and save 20%, 3 books and save 30%, 4 or more and save 40%. Use coupon code BUYMORE.
Government Attorney? Receive a 30% discount on publications, and a 50% discount on most seminars.
New Virginia Lawyer? (less than three years) Receive a 25% discount on publications and most seminars.


You may also be interested in:


Virginia Civil Practice Forms

A Guide to the Rules of Evidence in Virginia

Objections: Interrogatories, Depositions, and Trial

Appellate Practice - Virginia and Federal Courts

Attorney Fees and Sanctions - Virginia and Federal Courts

The Law of Damages in Virginia

Insurance Law in Virginia

The Attorney-Client Privilege and the Work Product Doctrine: A Practitioner's Guide

The Virginia Arbitration Roadmap

 

Table of Contents

CHAPTER LIST

1. Planning And Using Discovery

2. Scope Of Discovery

3. Interrogatories

4. Inspection Of Documents, Things, And Places

5. Initiating And Preparing For Depositions

6. Taking And Defending Depositions

7. Depositions Used And Taken In Other States

8. Physical And Mental Examination Of Persons

9. Discovery Of Experts

10. Requests For Admission

11. Judicial Supervision And Enforcement

12. Key Discovery Principles

13. Discovery In The Digital Age


CHAPTER 1: PLANNING AND USING DISCOVERY  (back to top)

1.1 AN OVERVIEW OF DISCOVERY PLANNING
    1.101 In General
    1.102 Why Plan Discovery?
    1.103 Nature and Type of Case

1.2 THE LAW OF DISCOVERY
    1.201 Court Rules
    1.202 Statutes
    1.203 Case Law

1.3 THE DISCOVERY PLAN
    1.301 Objectives
    1.302 Formulating the Plan
    1.303 Scheduling Orders and Pretrial Orders

1.4 PRIORITY AND SEQUENCE OF DISCOVERY
    1.401 In General
    1.402 Examples of Case-Specific Discovery Sequences

1.5 SAMPLE DISCOVERY PLAN—PRODUCTS LIABILITY CHEMICAL
EXPLOSION CASE

1.6 METHODS AND TOOLS OF DISCOVERY
    1.601 Informal Discovery Tools
    1.602 Formal Discovery Tools
    1.603 Other Statutory Devices
    1.604 Exchange of Information Pursuant to a Scheduling Order

1.7 USING DISCOVERY
    1.701 In General
    1.702 Depositions
    1.703 Requests for Admissions
    1.704 Interrogatories

1.8 PROFESSIONALISM AND PRESUBMISSION CONFERENCE

APPENDIX 1-1: SCHEDULING ORDER (BASIC)

APPENDIX 1-2: SCHEDULING ORDER (DETAILED)

APPENDIX 1-3: UNIFORM PRETRIAL SCHEDULING ORDER

APPENDIX 1-4: SAMPLE ENTRIES FOR A DISCOVERY PLAN—PRODUCTS
LIABILITY CHEMICAL EXPLOSION CASE

CHAPTER 2: SCOPE OF DISCOVERY  (back to top)

2.1 SCOPE OF CHAPTER

2.2 LIBERAL DISCOVERY AND RULE 4:1(b)

2.3 RELEVANCE
    2.301 Relevance to the Subject Matter
    2.302 Reasonably Calculated to Lead to Discovery of Admissible Evidence
    2.303 Discoverability of Specific Kinds of Information

2.4 PRIVILEGES LIMITING SCOPE OF DISCOVERY
    2.401 Attorney-Client Privilege
    2.402 Doctor-Patient Privilege and Related Limitations
    2.403 Privilege for Communications Between Counselors, Social Workers,
    and Psychologists and Their Clients
    2.404 Marital Communications Privilege
    2.405 Priest-Penitent Privilege
    2.406 Protection for Trade Secrets
    2.407 Privilege Against Self-Incrimination
    2.408 State Secrets Privilege
    2.409 Privileges Afforded to Government Executives and Officials
    2.410 Accountant-Client Privilege
    2.411 Bank-Customer or Banker-Depositor Privilege
    2.412 Privilege Related to Insurance
    2.413 Privilege Related to Tax Information
    2.414 Privilege Related to Disclosure of News-Gathering Process
    2.415 Self-Evaluation Privilege
    2.416 Miscellaneous Privileges and Limitations on Discovery

2.5 WORK PRODUCT PROTECTION

2.6 WAIVER
    2.601 Introduction
    2.602 Waiver by Voluntary Disclosure
    2.603 Waiver by Inadvertent Disclosure
    2.604 Waiver by Making a Claim or Defense in an Action
    2.605 Waiver by Immunity

2.7 PROTECTED INFORMATION AND PROTECTIVE ORDERS
    2.701 In General
    2.702 Court’s Discretion

2.8 MISCELLANEOUS LIMITATIONS ON DISCOVERY
    2.801 Limitations in Specified Proceedings
    2.802 Pretrial Discovery Orders

CHAPTER 3: INTERROGATORIES  (back to top)

3.1 IN GENERAL
    3.101 Nature and Purpose
    3.102 Rules of Court
    3.103 Use of Interrogatories Generally

3.2 TIMING, NUMBER, AND FORMAT OF INTERROGATORIES AND
USE OF FORMS
    3.201 Timing
    3.202 Number
    3.203 Format and Instructions
    3.204 Use of Forms
    3.205 Filing

3.3 SCOPE AND CONTENT OF INTERROGATORIES
    3.301 Identifying Persons with Knowledge of Discoverable Matters
    3.302 Identifying Experts and Their Expected Testimony
    3.303 Identifying Facts
    3.304 Identifying Documents
    3.305 Insurance Information
    3.306 Contention Interrogatories

3.4 RESPONDING TO INTERROGATORIES—ANSWERS AND OBJECTIONS
    3.401 Duty to Answer and When to Answer
    3.402 Grounds for Objection
    3.403 Supplementation of Responses

3.5 USING LEGAL ASSISTANTS TO DRAFT INTERROGATORIES AND
RESPONSES

3.6 MOTIONS CONCERNING INTERROGATORIES
    3.601 Motion for a Protective Order
    3.602 Motion to Compel Answers
    3.603 Motion for Sanctions

3.7 USE OF INTERROGATORIES FOR SUMMARY JUDGMENT OR AT TRIAL

APPENDIX 3-1: SAMPLE INTERROGATORIES

APPENDIX 3-2: SAMPLE OBJECTIONS

APPENDIX 3-3: SAMPLE OATHS TO BE EXECUTED BY RESPONDING PARTY

CHAPTER 4: INSPECTION OF DOCUMENTS, THINGS, AND PLACES  (back to top)

4.1 OVERVIEW

4.2 AUTHORITY AND SCOPE
    4.201 Rules of the Virginia Supreme Court
    4.202 Federal Rules of Civil Procedure
    4.203 Scope of Discovery
    4.204 Uniform Interstate Depositions and Discovery Act

4.3 LIMITATIONS
    4.301 In General
    4.302 Protective Orders
    4.303 Privileged Materials

4.4 ELEMENTS OF THE REQUEST
    4.401 Persons to Whom a Request May Be Directed
    4.402 Leave of Court
    4.403 Timing of Service
    4.404 Description of Material Sought
    4.405 Signature and Filing Requirements
    4.406 Form of Production

4.5 RESPONSE
    4.501 Timing of Response
    4.502 Manner of Response

4.6 NONCOMPLIANCE
    4.601 Motion to Compel
    4.602 Discovery Orders and Sanctions

4.7 PRODUCTION OF PARTICULAR THINGS
    4.701 Insurance Agreements
    4.702 Accident Reports
    4.703 Tax Returns and Financial Statements
    4.704 Experts’ Materials
    4.705 Hospital Incident Reports and Other Documents
    4.706 Medical Records

APPENDIX 4-1: REQUEST FOR PRODUCTION OF DOCUMENTS

APPENDIX 4-2: REQUEST FOR PRODUCTION OF DOCUMENTS AND THINGS

APPENDIX 4-3: REQUEST FOR PRODUCTION OF DOCUMENTS

APPENDIX 4-4: REQUEST FOR SUBPOENA DUCES TECUM

APPENDIX 4-5: REQUEST FOR PERMISSION TO ENTER UPON LAND

APPENDIX 4-6: MOTION FOR A PROTECTIVE ORDER

APPENDIX 4-7: STIPULATION AGREEMENT AND PROTECTIVE ORDER

APPENDIX 4-8: SUBPOENA DUCES TECUM FOR HEALTH INFORMATION

APPENDIX 4-9: LETTER TO HEALTH CARE PROVIDER REGARDING
SUBPOENA FOR HEALTH INFORMATION

CHAPTER 5: INITIATING AND PREPARING FOR DEPOSITIONS  (back to top)

5.1 OVERVIEW

5.2 MECHANICS OF DEPOSITIONS
    5.201 In General
    5.202 Place of Deposition
    5.203 Notice of Deposition
    5.204 Notice of Deposition of a Corporate Designee
    5.205 Telephone, Teleconference, and Video Conference Depositions
    5.206 Videotaped Depositions
    5.207 De Bene Esse Depositions
    5.208 Handling Objections at a Deposition
    5.209 Timing and Sequence of Depositions
    5.210 Subpoenaed Presence
    5.211 Reimbursement for Travel Expenses

5.3 EVALUATION AND GOAL SETTING
    5.301 In General
    5.302 Identifying Deponents
    5.303 Practical and Strategic Considerations
    5.304 General Evidentiary Considerations

5.4 PURPOSES OF DEPOSITIONS
    5.401 Assessment of Foundation, Credibility, Effectiveness, and Bias
    5.402 Discovery of Information
    5.403 Impeachment
    5.404 Support for Motions
    5.405 Support for Requests for Admissions
    5.406 Settlement
    5.407 Use as Evidence at Trial
    5.408 Rules of Evidence
    5.409 Binding Effect of Depositions

5.5 PREPARATION FOR DEPOSITIONS
    5.501 In General
    5.502 Review of Case Law, Jury Instructions, and Statutes
    5.503 Review of Experts, Facts, and Key Elements of Case
    5.504 Preparation of the Favorable Witness or Client
    5.505 Party Participation

5.6 PREPARATION AND TECHNIQUES FOR QUESTIONING
    5.601 Modes of Questioning
    5.602 Attorney-Client Privilege and Work Product Protection
    5.603 Guarding One’s Theories and Strategies

5.7 AVOIDING MISTAKES THAT CAN LEAD TO SANCTIONS
    5.701 Thorough Preparation
    5.702 Importance of the Truth
    5.703 Other Grounds for Sanctions

5.8 “TRICKS” OF THE TRADE

APPENDIX 5-1: NOTICE OF DEPOSITION DUCES TECUM
(AUTOMOBILE ACCIDENT)

APPENDIX 5-2: NOTICE OF DEPOSITION DUCES TECUM FOR
CORPORATE DESIGNEE

APPENDIX 5-3: DEPOSITION PREPARATION—ATTORNEY CHECKLIST

APPENDIX 5-4: DEPOSITION PREPARATION—CLIENT DEPOSITION
CHECKLIST

APPENDIX 5-5: DEPOSITION PREPARATION—TIPS FOR WITNESSES

CHAPTER 6: TAKING AND DEFENDING DEPOSITIONS  (back to top)

6.1 GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS
    6.101 Introduction
    6.102 Importance of Preparation

6.2 CONDUCTING THE DEPOSITION
    6.201 Controlling the Deposition
    6.202 Stipulations and Objections

6.3 ERRORS AND IRREGULARITIES

6.4 HANDLING IMPROPER BEHAVIOR
    6.401 In General
    6.402 Making the Record
    6.403 Resolving Disputes with Opposing Counsel
    6.404 Judicial Intervention
    6.405 Defense Considerations

6.5 USES OF THE DEPOSITION
    6.501 In General
    6.502 Impeachment Techniques
    6.503 Party Depositions
    6.504 Rule 4:7(a)(4) Uses
    6.505 Deposition Versus Examination
    6.506 Using Only a Portion of the Deposition
    6.507 Use by Different Parties and in Other Actions
    6.508 Leading Questions

6.6 CORRECTIONS TO TRANSCRIPT

CHAPTER 7: DEPOSITIONS USED AND TAKEN IN OTHER STATES  (back to top)

7.1 INTRODUCTION
    7.101 Lack of Uniformity Among States
    7.102 Uniform Interstate Depositions and Discovery Act
    7.103 Principles of Comity

7.2 PROCEDURE FOR TAKING OUT-OF-STATE DEPOSITIONS
    7.201 Authority for Taking Depositions Outside Virginia
    7.202 Courts and Other Tribunals That State Courts Will Aid in Taking a
    Deposition
    7.203 Persons Who May Seek to Take Depositions Under Foreign Deposition
    Laws
    7.204 Application to the Foreign State for Assistance in Taking a Deposition
    7.205 Notice of Deposition
    7.206 Location of Out-of-State Deposition
    7.207 Witness Fee for the Deponent
    7.208 Issuance of Subpoenas

7.3 CONFLICT OF LAWS
    7.301 In General
    7.302 Choice of Procedure for Taking Depositions
    7.303 Protective Orders

APPENDIX 7-1: NATIONAL SURVEY OF FOREIGN DEPOSITION LAWS

APPENDIX 7-2: LETTER ROGATORY

APPENDIX 7-3: MOTION FOR COMMISSION TO TAKE DEPOSITION
OUT OF STATE

APPENDIX 7-4: COMMISSION AUTHORIZING THE TAKING OF OUT-OFSTATE
DEPOSITIONS

CHAPTER 8: PHYSICAL AND MENTAL EXAMINATION OF PERSONS  (back to top)

8.1 RULE 4:10 OF THE RULES OF THE VIRGINIA SUPREME COURT
    8.101 Introduction
    8.102 Who May Be Examined
    8.103 Who May Conduct the Examination
    8.104 Prerequisites for the Examination
    8.105 Selection and Qualification of the Examiner
    8.106 The Court’s Order
    8.107 The Report
    8.108 The Examiner’s Testimony
    8.109 The Examiner’s Liability

CHAPTER 9: DISCOVERY OF EXPERTS  (back to top)

9.1 IN GENERAL

9.2 CLASSIFICATION OF EXPERTS UNDER RULE 4:1(b)(4)

9.3 DISCOVERY OF EXPERTS WHO MAY BE TRIAL WITNESSES

9.4 DISCOVERY OF RETAINED EXPERTS NOT EXPECTED TO BE
CALLED AS WITNESSES AT TRIAL

9.5 INFORMALLY CONSULTED EXPERTS

9.6 EXPERT INFORMATION NOT ACQUIRED IN ANTICIPATION
OF LITIGATION

9.7 EXPERTS UNCONNECTED WITH LITIGATION

9.8 INTERACTION BETWEEN RULE 4:1(b)(4) AND THE WORK PRODUCT
DOCTRINE

9.9 PAYMENT OF THE EXPERT’S FEES

9.10 EX PARTE COMMUNICATIONS WITH AN OPPONENT’S EXPERT

9.11 USE OF ADVERSE PARTY’S FORMER EMPLOYEE AS EXPERT

CHAPTER 10: REQUESTS FOR ADMISSION  (back to top)

10.1 RULE GOVERNING REQUESTS FOR ADMISSION
    10.101 The Rule
    10.102 Request Procedure
    
10.2 SCOPE OF REQUESTS FOR ADMISSION

10.3 EFFECT OF ADMISSION

10.4 USE AT TRIAL
    10.401 Waiver by Failing to Introduce into Evidence
    10.402 Waiver by Permitting Evidence Contrary to Responses

10.5 PROHIBITED USES

10.6 SERVING REQUESTS FOR ADMISSION
    10.601 Number Permitted
    10.602 Guidelines for Preparing Requests

10.7 PERMISSIBLE SUBJECT MATTER

10.8 FORM OF THE REQUEST

10.9 RESPONSES TO REQUESTS FOR ADMISSION
    10.901 Admission
    10.902 Admission by Failure to Respond
    10.903 Denial
    10.904 Denial Based on Lack of Information: Reasonable Inquiry
    Requirement
    10.905 Objection
    10.906 Admit in Part, Deny in Part
    10.907 Guidelines for Preparing Responses

10.10 WITHDRAWAL OR AMENDMENT OF RESPONSES TO REQUESTS
FOR ADMISSION
    10.1001 Grounds for Withdrawal or Amendment
    10.1002 Effect of Withdrawal or Amendment
    10.11 SANCTIONS FOR FAILURE TO ADMIT
    10.12 USE AS A DISCOVERY TOOL

APPENDIX 10-1: REQUESTS FOR ADMISSION PLAINTIFF TO DEFENDANT—
LIABILITY, GENUINENESS OF MEDICAL BILLS/RECORDS

APPENDIX 10-2: REQUESTS FOR ADMISSION PLAINTIFF TO DEFENDANT—
SLIP-AND-FALL IN SUPERMARKET (COMBINING REQUESTS FOR
ADMISSION WITH INTERROGATORIES AND REQUEST FOR
PRODUCTION)

APPENDIX 10-3: REQUESTS FOR ADMISSION PLAINTIFF TO DEFENDANT—
GENUINENESS AND REASONABLENESS OF MEDICAL
BILLS/RECORDS (COMBINING REQUESTS FOR ADMISSION
WITH INTERROGATORIES)

CHAPTER 11: JUDICIAL SUPERVISION AND ENFORCEMENT  (back to top)

11.1 INTRODUCTION

11.2 SUPERVISING THE DOCKET
    11.201 In General
    11.202 Pretrial Conferences
    11.203 Pretrial Orders

11.3 JUDICIAL ENFORCEMENT
    11.301 In General
    11.302 Orders to Compel
    11.303 Protective Orders

11.4 IMPOSING SANCTIONS
    11.401 In General
    11.402 Violation of Court Order Required for Some Sanctions
    11.403 Specific Sanctions

11.5 APPELLATE REVIEW

CHAPTER 12: KEY DISCOVERY PRINCIPLES  (back to top)

12.1 IN GENERAL

12.2 ATTORNEY-CLIENT PRIVILEGE
    12.201 Introduction
    12.202 General Formulation
    12.203 Communications from a Client
    12.204 Communications to a Lawyer
    12.205 Legal Advice
    12.206 Expectation of Confidentiality
    12.207 Crime-Fraud Exception
    12.208 Waiver

12.3 WORK PRODUCT DOCTRINE
    12.301 Introduction
    12.302 Creating the Protection
    12.303 What Is Covered
    12.304 When Applicable
    12.305 Who Can Assert the Protection
    12.306 Duration of the Protection
    12.307 Overcoming the Protection
    12.308 Crime-Fraud Exception
    12.309 Waiver
    12.310 Disclosures to Expert Witnesses

12.4 ASSERTING AND LITIGATING THE ATTORNEY-CLIENT PRIVILEGE AND WORK PRODUCT PROTECTION

12.5 ETHICS
    12.501 Lawyers’ Dealings With Other Participants in Discovery Matters
    12.502 Substance of Discovery Responses
    12.503 Remedies
    12.504 Discovery Procedures
    12.505 Courtesy

12.6 PROFESSIONALISM AND CIVILITY

APPENDIX 12-1: PRINCIPLES OF PROFESSIONALISM

CHAPTER 13: DISCOVERY IN THE DIGITAL AGE  (back to top)

13.1 OVERVIEW
    13.101 Electronic Media Generally
    13.102 Computers in the Legal Profession
    13.103 ABA Model Rules of Professional Conduct

13.2 CATEGORIES OF POTENTIALLY DISCOVERABLE ELECTRONIC
DOCUMENTS
    13.201 In General
    13.202 Email
    13.203 Transient Messaging Communications
    13.204 The Internet
    13.205 Social Media
    13.206 Archive Data and Backup Media
    13.207 Residual Files
    13.208 The Cloud and Archives
    13.209 Metadata

13.3 ELECTRONIC DISCOVERY RULES, PROCESS AND OBLIGATIONS
    13.301 Amendments to the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure and Their
    Virginia Counterparts
    13.302 Sanctions
    13.303 Duty to Preserve; Preservation Orders; Legal Holds

13.4 LIMITS ON DISCOVERY
    13.401 In General
    13.402 Economic Limits
    13.403 Overly Broad and Unduly Burdensome Requests
    13.404 Data Sampling and Cost Shifting
    13.405 Search Methodologies
    13.406 International Privacy

13.5 EMAIL AND DATABASE CONCERNS
    13.501 Communication Confidentiality and Privilege Concerns
    13.502 Computer-Stored Litigation Support Databases

13.6 CONCLUSION

TABLE OF AUTHORITIES

INDEX

Authors

Editor

Wyatt B. Durrette, Jr.

Authors

Mary Lynn Tate

Dean T. Buckius

K. Brett Marston

Spencer M. Wiegard

James W. Walker

Robert T. Hall

Carolynn E. Kane

Barrett E. Pope

Robert Tayloe Ross

David D. Hopper

T. Vaden Warren

Thomas W. Williamson, Jr.

Melissa W. Robinson

Hon. D. Arthur Kelsey

Shawn D. Lillemo

Thomas E. Spahn

Meghan A. Podolny

Jonathan M. Wilan

Prices

Print - $150
Download - $150
CD-ROM - $150
USB Flash Drive - $150
Both Print and Download - $175
Both Print and CD-ROM - $175
Both Print and USB Flash Drive - $175
Purchase Options
  • Add to Cart
Related Products
 

CONTACT US

Our Address

  • 105 Whitewood Road
    Charlottesville, VA 22901

JOIN OUR MAILING LIST:

  • Virginia CLE® is the non-profit educational division of the Virginia Law Foundation.

© 2016 Virginia Law Foundation