A Guide to the Rules of Evidence in Virginia (OLD EDITION)

Publication Date: 2015-2016 Edition (View 2016-2017 edition.)
Available Formats: Print (197 pages, spiral-bound, 1 volume)
Product #: 887

Information

PLEASE NOTE: A 2016-2017 edition of this publication is available in print, CD, USB flash drive, and immediate download. Click here for newest edition.

Authored by Kent Sinclair, Project Reporter for the Evidence Committee of the Boyd-Graves Conference, A Guide to the Rules of Evidence in Virginia is the definitive source on Virginia evidence law. Relied upon by judges and attorneys alike, this compact, spiral-bound handbook includes the text of each Rule, followed by notes concisely summarizing its interpretation and application by Virginia’s courts.

The 2015-2016 edition includes the latest 2015 amendments to both the Code of Virginia and the Rules of Court as well as commentary on recent court decisions.

Table of Contents

PLEASE NOTE: A 2016-2017 edition of this publication is available in print, CD, USB flash drive, and immediate download. Click here for newest edition.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

ARTICLE I. GENERAL PROVISIONS
    
    Rule 2:101 TITLE
    
    Rule 2:102 SCOPE AND CONSTRUCTION OF THESE RULES
    
    Rule 2:103 OBJECTIONS AND PROFFERS
            (a) Admission or exclusion of evidence
            (b) Hearing of jury
    
    Rule 2:104 PRELIMINARY DETERMINATIONS
            (a) Determinations made by the court
            (b) Relevancy conditioned on proof of connecting facts
            (c) Hearing of jury
            (d) Testimony by accused
            (e) Evidence of weight or credibility
    
    Rule 2:105 PROOF ADMITTED FOR LIMITED PURPOSES
    
    Rule 2:106 REMAINDER OF A WRITING OR RECORDED STATEMENT
            (a) Related Portions of a Writing in Civil and Criminal Cases
            (b) Lengthy Documents in Civil Cases

ARTICLE II. JUDICIAL NOTICE

    Rule 2:201 JUDICIAL NOTICE OF ADJUDICATIVE FACTS
            (a) Notice
            (b) Time of taking notice
            (c) Opportunity to be heard
    
    Rule 2:202 JUDICIAL NOTICE OF LAW
            (a) Notice To Be Taken
            (b) Sources of Information
    
    Rule 2:203 JUDICIAL NOTICE OF OFFICIAL PUBLICATIONS

ARTICLE III. PRESUMPTIONS

    Rule 2:301 PRESUMPTIONS IN GENERAL IN CIVIL ACTIONS AND PROCEEDINGS
        
    Rule 2:302 APPLICABILITY OF FEDERAL LAW IN CIVIL ACTIONS AND PROCEEDINGS

ARTICLE IV. RELEVANCY, POLICY, AND CHARACTER TRAIT PROOF

    Rule 2:401 DEFINITION OF “RELEVANT EVIDENCE”
    
    Rule 2:402 RELEVANT EVIDENCE GENERALLY ADMISSIBLE; IRRELEVANT EVIDENCE INADMISSIBLE
            (a) General Principle
            (b) Results of Polygraph Examinations
    
    Rule 2:403 EXCLUSION OF RELEVANT EVIDENCE ON GROUNDS OF PREJUDICE, CONFUSION,     
    MISLEADING THE JURY, OR NEEDLESS PRESENTATION OF CUMULATIVE EVIDENCE
    
    Rule 2:404 CHARACTER EVIDENCE NOT ADMISSIBLE TO PROVE CONDUCT; EXCEPTIONS; OTHER CRIMES
            (a) Character evidence generally
            (b) Other crimes, wrongs, or acts
    
    Rule 2:405 METHODS OF PROVING CHARACTER TRAITS
            (a) Reputation proof
            (b) Specific instances of conduct
    
    Rule 2:406 HABIT AND ROUTINE PRACTICE IN CIVIL CASES
            (a) Admissibility
            (b) Habit and routine practice defined
    
    Rule 2:407 SUBSEQUENT REMEDIAL MEASURES

    Rule 2:408 COMPROMISE AND OFFERS TO COMPROMISE
    
    Rule 2:409 EVIDENCE OF ABUSE ADMISSIBLE IN CERTAIN CRIMINAL TRIALS
    
    Rule 2:410 WITHDRAWN PLEAS, OFFERS TO PLEAD, AND RELATED STATEMENTS
    
    Rule 2:411 INSURANCE
    
    Rule 2:412 ADMISSIBILITY OF COMPLAINING WITNESS’ PRIOR SEXUAL CONDUCT; CRIMINAL SEXUAL     
    ASSAULT CASES; RELEVANCE OF PAST BEHAVIOR

ARTICLE V. PRIVILEGES


    Rule 2:501 PRIVILEGED COMMUNICATIONS
    
    Rule 2:502 ATTORNEY-CLIENT PRIVILEGE
    
    Rule 2:503 CLERGY AND COMMUNICANT PRIVILEGE
    
    Rule 2:504 SPOUSAL TESTIMONY AND MARITAL COMMUNICATIONS PRIVILEGES
            (a) Privileged Marital Communications in Civil Cases
            (b) Testimony of Husband and Wife in Criminal Cases
        
    Rule 2:505 HEALING ARTS PRACTITIONER AND PATIENT PRIVILEGE
    
    Rule 2:506 MENTAL HEALTH PROFESSIONAL AND CLIENT PRIVILEGE
    
    Rule 2:507 PRIVILEGED COMMUNICATIONS INVOLVING INTERPRETERS

ARTICLE VI. WITNESS EXAMINATION

    Rule 2:601 GENERAL RULE OF COMPETENCY
            (a) Generally
            (b) Rulings
    
    Rule 2:602 LACK OF PERSONAL KNOWLEDGE
    
    Rule 2:603 OATH OR AFFIRMATION
    
    Rule 2:604 INTERPRETERS
    
    Rule 2:605 COMPETENCY OF COURT PERSONNEL AS WITNESSES
    
    Rule 2:606 COMPETENCY OF JUROR AS WITNESS
    
    Rule 2:607 IMPEACHMENT OF WITNESSES
            (a) In general
            (b) Witness with adverse interest
            (c) Witness proving adverse

    Rule 2:608 IMPEACHMENT BY EVIDENCE OF REPUTATION FOR TRUTHTELLING AND CONDUCT OF     
    WITNESS
            (a) Reputation evidence of the character trait for truthfulness or untruthfulness.
            (b) Specific instances of conduct; extrinsic proof
            (c) Cross-examination of character witness
            (d) Unadjudicated perjury
            (e) Prior false accusations in sexual assault cases
    
    Rule 2:609 IMPEACHMENT BY EVIDENCE OF CONVICTION OF CRIME
            (a) Party in a civil case or criminal defendant
            (b) Other witnesses
            (c) Juvenile adjudications
            (d) Adverse Witnesses
    
    Rule 2:610 BIAS OR PREJUDICE OF A WITNESS
    
    Rule 2:611 MODE AND ORDER OF INTERROGATION AND PRESENTATION
            (a) Presentation of evidence
            (b) Scope of cross-examination
            (c) Leading questions
    
    Rule 2:612 WRITING OR OBJECT USED TO REFRESH MEMORY
    
    Rule 2:613 PRIOR STATEMENTS OF WITNESS
            (a) Examining witness concerning prior oral statement
            (b) Contradiction by prior inconsistent writing
    
    Rule 2:614 CALLING AND INTERROGATION OF WITNESSES BY COURT
            (a) Calling by the court in civil cases
            (b) Interrogation by the court
    
    Rule 2:615 EXCLUSION OF WITNESSES

ARTICLE VII. OPINIONS AND EXPERT TESTIMONY

    Rule 2:701 OPINION TESTIMONY BY LAY WITNESSES
    
    Rule 2:702 TESTIMONY BY EXPERTS
            (a) Use of Expert Testimony
            (b) Form of opinion
    
    Rule 2:703 BASIS OF EXPERT TESTIMONY
            (a) Civil cases
            (b) Criminal cases
    
    Rule 2:704 OPINION ON ULTIMATE ISSUE
            (a) Civil cases
            (b) Criminal cases
    
    Rule 2:705 FACTS OR DATA USED IN TESTIMONY
            (a) Civil cases
            (b) Criminal cases
    
    Rule 2:706 USE OF LEARNED TREATISES WITH EXPERTS
            (a) Civil cases
            (b) Criminal cases

ARTICLE VIII. HEARSAY

    Rule 2:801 DEFINITIONS
            (a) Statement
            (b) Declarant
            (c) Hearsay
    
    Rule 2:802 HEARSAY RULE
    
    Rule 2:803 HEARSAY EXCEPTIONS APPLICABLE REGARDLESS OF AVAILABILITY OF THE DECLARANT
            (0) Admission by party opponent
            (1) Present sense impression
            (2) Excited utterance
            (3) Then existing mental, emotional, or physical condition
            (4) Statements for purposes of medical treatment
            (5) Recorded recollection
            (6) Business records
            (7) Reserved
            (8) Public records and reports
            (9) Records of vital statistics
            (10) Absence of entries in public records and reports
            (11) Records of religious organizations
            (12) Marriage, baptismal, and similar certificates
            (13) Family records
            (14) Records of documents affecting an interest in property
            (15) Statements in documents affecting an interest in property
            (16) Statements in ancient documents
            (17) Market quotations
            (18) Learned treatises
            (19) Reputation concerning boundaries
            (20) Reputation as to a character trait
            (21) Judgment as to personal, family, or general history, or boundaries
            (22) Statement of identification by witness
            (23) Recent complaint of sexual assault
            (24) Price of goods
    
    Rule 2:804 HEARSAY EXCEPTIONS APPLICABLE WHERE THE DECLARANT IS UNAVAILABLE
            (a) Applicability
            (b) Hearsay exceptions
    
    Rule 2:805 HEARSAY WITHIN HEARSAY
    
    Rule 2:806 ATTACKING AND SUPPORTING CREDIBILITY OF HEARSAY DECLARANT

ARTICLE IX. AUTHENTICATION


    Rule 2:901 REQUIREMENT OF AUTHENTICATION OR IDENTIFICATION
    
    Rule 2:902 SELF-AUTHENTICATION
            (1) Domestic public records offered in compliance with statute.
            (2) Foreign public documents
            (3) Presumptions created by law
            (4) Medical records and medical bills in particular actions.
            (5) Specific certificates of analysis and reports
    
    Rule 2:903 SUBSCRIBING WITNESS TESTIMONY NOT NECESSARY

ARTICLE X. BEST EVIDENCE


    Rule 2:1001 DEFINITIONS
            (1) Writings
            (2) Original
    
    Rule 2:1002 REQUIREMENT OF PRODUCTION OF ORIGINAL
    
    Rule 2:1003 USE OF SUBSTITUTE CHECKS
            (a) Admissibility generally
            (b) Presumption from designation and legend
    
    Rule 2:1004 ADMISSIBILITY OF OTHER EVIDENCE OF CONTENTS
            (a) Originals lost or destroyed
            (b) Original not obtainable
            (c) Original in possession of opponent
            (d) Collateral matters
    
    Rule 2:1005 ADMISSIBILITY OF COPIES
    
    Rule 2:1006 SUMMARIES
    
    Rule 2:1007 TESTIMONY OR WRITTEN ADMISSION OF A PARTY
    
    Rule 2:1008 FUNCTIONS OF COURT AND JURY

ARTICLE XI. APPLICABILITY

    Rule 2:1101 APPLICABILITY OF EVIDENTIARY RULES
            (a) Proceedings to which applicable generally
            (b) Law of privilege
            (c) Permissive application

TABLE OF AUTHORITIES

INDEX

Authors

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