Objections: Interrogatories, Depositions, and Trial

Objections: Interrogatories, Depositions, and Trial
Publication Date: 2015-2016
Available Formats: Print (168 pages, spiral-bound, 1 volume)
  Electronic (searchable PDF via flash drive, CD, or immediate download)
  Both Print and Electronic formats
Product #: 904

Information

Content Highlights:
  • Objections in General
  • Discovery
  • Pretrial Motions
  • Jury Selection
  • Opening Statement
  • Trial or Hearing
  • Expert Witnesses
  • Objections Based on Conduct of the Judge
  • Jury Misconduct
  • Closing Argument

2016-2017 Edition Coming Fall 2016. Purchase the current edition today and receive the 2015-2016 edition without charge.

"This book is important because it deals with hands-on evidentiary issues. While other books in the field approach the subject matter from an academic point of view, this recreates the courtroom situation where the objectionable evidence is presented; how counsel should frame the objection; and how counsel on the receiving end of the objection can reasonably deal with the objection."

- Brien A. Roche, coauthor


This popular volume covers objections at each stage of litigation, from discovery and voir dire to closing argument. It is not limited to objections in open court, covering as well written objections to discovery, motions in limine, and pleas in bar.

This 2015-2016 edition keeps pace with changes in the law of evidence, in particular in terms of addressing the use of learned treatises and objections thereto; limits on the direct examination of a defense physician who has not treated the plaintiff but rather simply relied upon treatment records; how to make a proper record through a proffer where your evidence has been excluded pursuant to an objection.

The compact size and tabbed format put the law at your fingertips — ideal for the fast pace of the courtroom when counsel must react quickly to preserve the objection. It is thoroughly annotated with citations to the latest case law, statutes, and rules, enabling you to respond to the age-old question: “What’s your authority for that, counselor?”


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Table of Contents

CHAPTER LIST

1. Objections In General

2. Discovery

3. Pretrial Motions

4. Jury Selection

5. Opening Statement

6. Trial Or Hearing

7. Expert Witnesses

8. Objections Based On Conduct Of The Judge

9. Jury Misconduct

10. Closing Argument


CHAPTER 1: OBJECTIONS IN GENERAL   (back to top)

1.1 OVERVIEW
    1.101 Virginia Practice
    1.102 Purpose
    1.103 Foregoing Objections
    1.104 Making an Objection
    1.105 Admissibility of Evidence

1.2 PROCEDURES AND DEFINITIONS
    1.201 Objection Sustained
    1.202 Objection Overruled
    1.203 Motions in Limine
    1.204 Motions to Strike
    1.205 Motion to Strike Evidence at Conclusion of Plaintiff’s Case and Conclusion of All Evidence
    1.206 Limiting Instructions
    1.207 Motion for Mistrial
    1.208 Offer of Proof
    1.209 Speaking Objections
    1.210 Cross-Examination or Presentation of Evidence Where Objection Has Been Overruled
    1.211 Absence of Ruling by Court
    1.212 Absence of Stated Ground
    1.213 Stating Objection Within Order
    1.214 Ends of Justice

CHAPTER 2: DISCOVERY   (back to top)

2.1 DISCOVERY RULES
    2.101 Scope of Discovery Generally
    2.102 Specific Guidance
    2.103 Certification
    2.104 Objections Prior to Nonsuit

2.2 MOTIONS TO COMPEL
    2.201 In General
    2.202 Notice
    2.203 Jurisdiction

2.3 PROTECTIVE ORDERS
    2.301 In General
    2.302 Relief Requested

2.4 OBJECTIONS TO DISCOVERY
    2.401 In General
    2.402 Specific Objections

2.5 INTERROGATORIES
    2.501 In General
    2.502 Excessive Number
    2.503 Eliciting Opinion or Legal Conclusion

2.6 REQUESTS FOR PRODUCTION
    2.601 Procedure
    2.602 Business Records
    2.603 Tax Returns
    2.604 Surveillance Videos
    2.605 Photographs

2.7 SUBPOENAS DUCES TECUM
    2.701 Motion to Quash
    2.702 Grounds for Objection
    2.703 Business Records Production
    2.704 Request for Mental Health Records

2.8 ADMISSIONS
    2.801 In General
    2.802 Requesting an Opinion
    2.803 Lack of Knowledge
    2.804 Enforcing Discovery
    2.805 Sanctions for Failure to Admit
    2.806 Withdrawal or Amendment of Admission
    2.807 Testimony That Contradicts Admission
    2.808 Use of Pleadings

2.9 DEPOSITIONS
    2.901 In General
    2.902 Depositions on Written Questions
    2.903 Form Versus Content
    2.904 Agreements by Counsel on Objections
    2.905 Use at Trial
    2.906 Rules of Court
    2.907 Suspending the Deposition
    2.908 Dealing with “Speaking” Objections
    2.909 Dealing with a Nonresponsive Witness
    2.910 Going off the Record
    2.911 Notice of Deposition
    2.912 Experts
    2.913 Corporate Designations
    2.914 Use Against Some Punitive Claims

2.10 UNINSURED MOTORIST CLAIMS

2.11 CRIMINAL DISCOVERY
    2.1001 Scope
    2.1002 Misdemeanors
    2.1003 Felonies

CHAPTER 3: PRETRIAL MOTIONS   (back to top)

3.1 PRETRIAL MOTIONS
    3.101 In General
    3.102 Motion in Limine

3.2 TYPES OF OBJECTIONS
    3.201 Lack of Proper Notice or Service
    3.202 Jurisdiction
    3.203 Necessary Party
    3.204 Misjoinder
    3.205 Lack of Capacity
    3.206 Lack of Standing
    3.207 Improper Venue
    3.208 Demurrer and Bill of Particulars
    3.209 Bankruptcy Stay
    3.210 Workers’ Compensation Immunity
    3.211 Statute of Frauds
    3.212 Statute of Limitations
    3.213 Failure to Exhaust Administrative Remedies
    3.214 Improper or No Signature of Counsel Pleading
    3.215 Other Affirmative Defenses

CHAPTER 4 : JURY SELECTION  (back to top)

4.1 THE JURY LIST AND PANEL
    4.101 Objections Before Jury Is Sworn
    4.102 Waiver of Objections

4.2 VOIR DIRE
    4.201 In General
    4.202 Virginia Practice
    4.203 Extent of Court’s Discretion

4.3 OBJECTIONS TO VOIR DIRE
    4.301 Making Objections
    4.302 Preserving Objections

4.4 JUROR REHABILITATION

CHAPTER 5: OPENING STATEMENT   (back to top)

5.1 ANTICIPATING OBJECTIONS TO THE OPENING STATEMENT
    5.101 Motions in Limine
    5.102 Strategic Planning
    
5.2 PRACTICAL APPLICATIONS
    5.201 Objections During Opening Statement
    5.202 Examples of Objections
    
CHAPTER 6: TRIAL OR HEARING   (back to top)

6.1 ANTICIPATING OBJECTIONS
    6.101 Motions in Limine
    6.102 Strategic Planning
    6.103 Controversial Issues
    6.104 Sidebar Conferences

6.2 RULE ON WITNESSES

6.3 OBJECTIONS TO CONTENT
    6.301 Competence of Witness
    6.302 Cumulative Testimony
    6.303 Failure to Comply with Court Order or Discovery Requests
    6.304 Hearsay Generally
    6.305 Hearsay Exceptions Applicable Regardless of Availability of Declarant
    6.306 Other Considerations
    6.307 Hearsay Exceptions When the Declarant Is Unavailable
    6.308 Double Hearsay
    6.309 Immaterial
    6.310 Irrelevant
    6.311 Nonresponsive
    6.312 Prejudice, Confusion, Misleading the Jury
    6.313 Character Evidence
    6.314 Violates Parol Evidence Rule
    6.315 Privileged Communication
    6.316 Company Rule
    6.317 Work Product
    6.318 Judicial Notice of Adjudicative Facts
    6.319 Procedural Issues
    6.320 Admission of Affidavits

6.4 OBJECTIONS TO FORM
    6.401 In General
    6.402 Argumentative
    6.403 Asked and Answered
    6.404 Assumes Facts That Are Not in Evidence
    6.405 Beyond the Scope of the Direct Testimony
    6.406 Badgering or Bullying Witness
    6.407 Compound Questions
    6.408 Improper Hypotheticals
    6.409 Impeaching Own Witness
    6.410 Improper Attempt to Impeach
    6.411 Phrased to Incorrect Standard for Expert
    6.412 Contains Inaccurate Summary or Erroneous Quote of Testimony
    6.413 Lack of Foundation
    6.414 Not the Best Evidence
    6.415 Leading
    6.416 Calls for a Narrative
    6.417 Question Is Overly Broad
    6.418 Item Is Being Used to Do More Than Refresh Recollection
    6.419 Calls for Speculation or Conclusion
    6.420 Unintelligible or Ambiguous
    6.421 Commenting on Other Testimony

6.5 EXHIBITS
    6.501 In General
    6.502 Objections Specific to Exhibits
    6.503 Countering Objections to Exhibits

6.6 REQUESTS FOR BENCH CONFERENCES

6.7 OBJECTIONS BY CO-LITIGANTS

6.8 REBUTTAL

6.9 WITHDRAWN PLEAS, OFFERS TO PLEAD,
AND RELATED STATEMENTS

6.10 ADMISSIBILITY OF COMPLAINING WITNESS’
PRIOR SEXUAL CONDUCT; CRIMINAL
SEXUAL ASSAULT CASES; RELEVANCE
OF PAST BEHAVIOR

6.11 JURY INSTRUCTIONS

CHAPTER 7: EXPERT WITNESSES   (back to top)

7.1 SPECIAL CONSIDERATIONS
    7.101 In General
    7.102 Qualifications
    7.103 Reliability of the Science

7.2 OBJECTIONS
    7.201 Agreement with Counsel
    7.202 Inadequate Identification
    7.203 Objections to Form
    7.204 Lack of Foundation
    7.205 Improper Hypothetical
    7.206 Lack of Similarity of Conditions as to Test or Experimental Data
    7.207 Improper Hearsay
    7.208 Opinion on the Ultimate Issue
    7.209 Direct Examination of Plaintiff's Treating Doctor
    7.210 Use of Treating Doctor as Expert Witness
    7.211 Medical Malpractice Peer Review Documents
    7.212 Subpoenas of Expert Files

CHAPTER 8: OBJECTIONS BASED ON CONDUCT OF THE JUDGE  (back to top)

8.1 IMPROPER JUDICIAL CONDUCT
    8.101 In General
    8.102 Improper Comment on the Evidence
    8.103 Conduct of the Court That Embarrasses Counsel
    8.104 Adversarial Examination of Witnesses by the Court
    8.105 Tone of Voice or Facial Grimaces
    8.106 Considerations
    8.107 Time Restraints

CHAPTER 9: JURY MISCONDUCT   (back to top)

9.1 TYPES OF MISCONDUCT
    9.101 In General
    9.102 External Contact Defined

9.2 OBJECTIONS TO JUROR MISCONDUCT
    9.201 Showing of Prejudice
    9.202 Juror Affidavits or Testimony
    9.203 Harmless Contacts
    9.204 Virginia Rule
    9.205 Procedure

CHAPTER 10: CLOSING ARGUMENT  (back to top)

10.1 IN GENERAL
    10.101 Virginia’s View
    10.102 Need for Contemporaneous Objection
    10.103 Argument Must Have a Factual Basis
    10.104 Preserving Objections
    10.105 Bases for Objection
    10.106 Objections Made at Closing

TABLE OF AUTHORITIES

INDEX

Authors

Brien A. Roche is engaged in the general practice of law in Virginia, Maryland, and Washington, D.C. He is a graduate of Georgetown University and George Washington University Law School. Mr. Roche served in the United States Marine Corps and as a patrol officer with the Washington, D.C. police department before entering the practice of law in 1976.

He is the author of two well-known professional legal texts published by LexisNexis, The Virginia Torts Case Finder and The Virginia Domestic Relations Case Finder. He is also the author of Law 101, a legal reference for lay persons, published by Sphinx Publishing Company. Mr. Roche has written several articles that appear in legal journals and has lectured at numerous continuing legal education seminars throughout Virginia.

Christine M. Reilly is a publications attorney with Virginia CLE and has held that position since 2002. She formerly practiced law in Virginia, primarily as a trial attorney in the areas of criminal defense and domestic relations. She earned a J.D. from George Mason University and a B.A. from Virginia Tech. Ms. Reilly is also a trained mediator.

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