Adoption Procedures and Forms: A Guide for Virginia Lawyers

Adoption Procedures and Forms: A Guide for Virginia Lawyers
Publication Date: 2014
Electronic Forms: 53
Available Formats: Print (654 pages, softcover, 1 volume)
  Electronic (searchable PDF via flash drive, CD, or immediate download)
  Both Print and Electronic formats
Product #: 893

Information

Content Highlights:

  • Placement
  • Jurisdiction and Venue
  • Agency Placement Adoptions
  • Stepparent and Close Relative Adoptions
  • Parental Placement Adoptions
  • Adult Adoptions
  • Interstate Adoptions
  • International Adoptions
  • Foster Care Placement Adoptions
  • Special Needs Adoptions
  • Legal Effects of Adoption
  • Access to Adoption Records
  • Ethical Issues
  • Fees and Costs
  • Common Challenges and How to Avoid Them

The practice of adoption law can be very rewarding. But it is also is riddled with the potential for making mistakes. The intertwining of the adoption statutes is complex and can prove to be quite challenging.

This book furnishes both general practitioners and experienced family law attorneys with a step-by-step practical guide to the successful completion of each type of adoption procedure. It also gives give the practitioner the “heads-up” when an adoption proceeding may be beyond the scope of a novice and when more experienced adoption counsel should be consulted.

The end result is to protect the integrity of the adoption process from beginning to end.

The 2014 edition has been published in our new, handsome and convenient 7" x 10" softbound format, allowing us to reduce the base price to $140.


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Table of Contents

CHAPTER LIST

1. Introduction
2. Placement For Adoption
3. Jurisdiction And Venue
4. Agency Placement Adoptions
5. Stepparent And Close Relative Adoptions
6. Parental Placement Adoptions
7. Adult Adoptions
8. Interstate Adoptions
9. Intercountry Adoptions
10. Foster Care Placement Adoptions
11. Special Needs Adoptions
12. Children Born Using Assisted Reproductive Technology
13. Legal Effects of Adoption: Adoption and Inheritance
14. Access To Adoption Records
15. Ethical Issues
16. Fees And Costs
17. Common Challenges And How To Avoid Them

CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION

1.1 LEGAL BASIS FOR ADOPTION
    1.101 Common Law
    1.102 Statutory Basis

1.2 TYPES OF ADOPTION
    1.201 In General
    1.202 Agency Placement Adoptions
    1.203 Parental Placement Adoptions
    1.204 Stepparent Adoptions
    1.205 Close Relative Adoptions
    1.206 Adult Adoptions
    1.207 Interstate Adoptions
    1.208 Intercountry Adoptions
    1.209 Special Needs Adoptions
    1.210 Equitable Adoptions

1.3 GENERAL PROCEDURES
    1.301 The Home Study
    1.302 Identifying a Child
    1.303 Termination of Parental Rights
    1.304 Filing the Adoption Petition
    1.305 Interlocutory Order
    1.306 Order of Reference
    1.307 Finalization

1.4 PUTATIVE FATHER REGISTRY

CHAPTER 2: PLACEMENT FOR ADOPTION

2.1 WHO MAY PLACE
    2.101 Virginia Agencies
    2.102 Biological and Legal Parents
    2.103 Legal Guardians
    2.104 Out-of-State Agencies

2.2 RESTRICTIONS ON PLACEMENTS
    2.201 Recommendations for Placement
    2.202 Unauthorized Placements

2.3 WHO MAY ADOPT
    2.301 Statutory Rules
    2.302 Public Agency Placements
    2.303 Private Agency Placements
    2.304 Parental Placement Adoptions
    2.305 Intercountry Adoptions
    2.306 Foster Care Placement Adoptions
    2.307 Special Needs Adoptions
    2.308 Stepparent Adoptions

2.4 WHO MAY BE ADOPTED
    2.401 In General
    2.402 Children
    2.403 Adults
    2.404 Foreign Adoptees

2.5 HOW TO ADOPT
    2.501 Choosing an Agency and a Social Worker
    2.502 Choosing an Attorney
    2.503 Advertising and Other Marketing Techniques

CHAPTER 3: JURISDICTION AND VENUE

3.1 OVERVIEW

3.2 JUVENILE AND DOMESTIC RELATIONS DISTRICT COURT

3.3 CIRCUIT COURT

CHAPTER 4: AGENCY PLACEMENT ADOPTIONS

4.1 OVERVIEW OF AGENCY PLACEMENTS

4.2 TERMINATION OF PARENTAL RIGHTS IN AGENCY
PLACEMENTS
    4.201 Involuntary Termination
    4.202 Voluntary Termination

4.3 PRELIMINARY REQUIREMENTS FOR VOLUNTARY
PLACEMENTS

4.4 COURT DOCUMENTS
    4.401 In General
    4.402 Petition
    4.403 Order of Reference
    4.404 Agency’s Consent to Adoption
    4.405 Interlocutory Order
    4.406 Final Order of Adoption

4.5 COSTS

4.6 PROS AND CONS

CHAPTER 5: STEPPARENT AND CLOSE RELATIVE ADOPTIONS

5.1 STEPPARENT ADOPTIONS
    5.101 Termination of Parental Rights
    5.102 Preliminary Requirements
    5.103 Court Documents
    5.104 Calendar of Events
    5.105 Costs
    
5.2 CLOSE RELATIVE ADOPTIONS
    5.201 In General
    5.202 Child in Home for Less Than Three Years
    5.203 Child in Home for Three Years or More

CHAPTER 6: PARENTAL PLACEMENT ADOPTIONS

6.1 OVERVIEW
    6.101 In General
    6.102 Ideal Procedure
    6.103 Addressing the Birth Father’s Rights

6.2 PRELIMINARY REQUIREMENTS
    6.201 Basic Requirements
    6.202 Additional Requirements

6.3 COURT DOCUMENTS

6.4 COSTS

6.5 PROS AND CONS

CHAPTER 7: ADULT ADOPTIONS

7.1 TERMINATION OF PARENTAL RIGHTS

7.2 QUALIFICATIONS FOR AN ADULT ADOPTION

7.3 COURT DOCUMENTS

7.4 CALENDAR OF EVENTS

7.5 FINALIZATION

7.6 FEES AND COSTS

7.7 PROS AND CONS

CHAPTER 8: INTERSTATE ADOPTIONS

8.1 OVERVIEW

8.2 VIRGINIA’S INTERSTATE COMPACT REQUIREMENTS
    8.201 In General
    8.202 ICPC Regulation No. 12
    8.203 ICPC Documentation: Overview and Purpose

8.3 INTERSTATE PROCEDURE

8.4 INTERSTATE AGENCY PLACEMENTS
    8.401 Birth Parents Placing to an Out-of-State Agency
    8.402 Out-of-State Agency Placing with Virginia
    Adoptive Parents

8.5 INTERSTATE PARENTAL PLACEMENTS
    8.501 In General
    8.502 Parental Placements from Another State When
    Adoptive Parents Reside in Virginia
    8.503 Parental Placements When the Adoptive Parents
    Reside in Another State
    8.504 Parental Placements to Another State by Birth
    Parents in Virginia

8.6 FINALIZATION

8.7 COSTS

8.8 PROS AND CONS

CHAPTER 9: INTERCOUNTRY ADOPTIONS

9.1 OVERVIEW
    9.101 In General
    9.102 Attorney Prohibited and Permitted Activities
    9.103 Non-Hague Adoption Convention Procedures
    9.104 Hague Adoption Convention Procedures
    9.105 United States Citizenship for Adopted Child

9.2 TERMINATION OF PARENTAL RIGHTS

9.3 PRELIMINARY REQUIREMENTS
    9.301 Non-Hague and Hague Adoption Convention State
    Law Requirements
    9.302 Non-Hague Adoption Convention Federal Requirements
    9.303 Hague Adoption Convention Federal Requirements

9.4 INTERCOUNTRY RELATIVE ADOPTIONS
    9.401 Children Living in Foreign Country
    9.402 Foreign Children Present in the United States

9.5 COURT DOCUMENTS
    9.501 Placement by Foreign Agency or Court
    9.502 Adoption in Foreign Country

9.6 CALENDAR OF EVENTS

9.7 FINALIZATION

9.8 COSTS

9.9 PROS AND CONS

CHAPTER 10: FOSTER CARE PLACEMENT ADOPTIONS

10.1 TERMINATION OF PARENTAL RIGHTS

10.2 PRELIMINARY REQUIREMENTS

10.3 COURT DOCUMENTS

10.4 CALENDAR OF EVENTS

10.5 FINALIZATION

10.6 COSTS

10.7 PROS AND CONS

10.8 ADOPTION AND SAFE FAMILIES ACT OF 1997

10.9 POST-ADOPTION CONTACT

CHAPTER 11: SPECIAL NEEDS ADOPTIONS

11.1 TERMINATION OF PARENTAL RIGHTS

11.2 PRELIMINARY REQUIREMENTS

11.3 COURT DOCUMENTS

11.4 CALENDAR OF EVENTS

11.5 FINALIZATION

11.6 TYPES OF ADOPTION ASSISTANCE
    11.601 Title IV-E
    11.602 State-Funded Maintenance Payments
    11.603 State Special Services Payments
    11.604 Nonrecurring Expense Payments

11.7 CRITERIA FOR ADOPTION ASSISTANCE PAYMENTS
    11.701 Limitations
    11.702 Procedures
    11.703 Application and Appeals

11.8 Funding Sources
    11.801 In General
    11.802 Federal Adoption Assistance
    11.803 State Adoption Assistance
    11.804 Conditional Adoption Assistance

11.9 VIRGINIA ENHANCED MAINTENANCE ASSESSMENT
TOOL (VEMAT)

11.10 PROS AND CONS

CHAPTER 12: CHILDREN BORN USING ASSISTED
REPRODUCTIVE TECHNOLOGY

12.1 BIRTH BY ASSISTED REPRODUCTIVE TECHNOLOGIES
    12.101 In General
    12.102 “Donor” Defined

12.2 EVOLVING CASE LAW

CHAPTER 13: LEGAL EFFECTS OF ADOPTION: ADOPTION
AND INHERITANCE

13.1 OVERVIEW

13.2 CURRENT VIRGINIA STATUTES
    13.201 Adopted Person Inheriting from Adoptive Parent
    13.202 Termination of Rights of Birth Parents
    13.203 Residual Rights of Adopted Person in Birth
    Parent’s Estate

CHAPTER 14: ACCESS TO ADOPTION RECORDS

14.1 IN GENERAL

14.2 ACCESS BY ADOPTED PERSON
    14.201 In General
    14.202 Parental Placement Adoptions
    14.203 Medical, Psychological, or Genetic Information

14.3 ACCESS BY ADOPTIVE PARENTS OR LEGAL CUSTODIAN

14.4 ACCESS BY BIRTH FAMILY
    14.401 In General
    14.402 Parental Placement Adoptions

14.5 AGENCY INVOLVEMENT

14.6 POST-ADOPTION CONTACT AND COMMUNICATION
AGREEMENTS

CHAPTER 15: ETHICAL ISSUES

15.1 CONFLICT OF INTEREST
    15.101 In General
    15.102 Conflict Between Adoptive Parents and Birth Parents
    15.103 Conflict Between Adoptive Parents
    15.104 Conflict Between Adoptive Parents and Adoptee
    15.105 Conflict Between Adoptive Parent and Former Spouse
    15.106 Conflict Between Birth Mother and Her Present Spouse
    15.107 Conflict Between Birth Parents
    15.108 Birth Parents’ Attorney Fees Paid by Adoptive Parents
    15.109 Conflict Between Agency and Adoptive Parents or Birth
    Parents
    15.110 Client Confidences When Representing Birth Parents
    15.111 Best Interests of the Child

15.2 UNAUTHORIZED PLACEMENT; EXCHANGE OF
PROHIBITED PROPERTY

15.3 CONFLICT OF BUSINESS INTEREST

15.4 REPRESENTATION AS GUARDIAN AD LITEM

CHAPTER 16: FEES AND COSTS

16.1 HOME STUDY COSTS

16.2 ATTORNEY FEES

16.3 FILING FEES AND OTHER COSTS

16.4 ADDITIONAL COSTS
    16.401 Order of Publication
    16.402 Travel
    16.403 Birth Parents’ Expenses
    16.404 Child’s Health Care Costs

16.5 INCOME TAX CREDITS AND EXEMPTIONS

CHAPTER 17: COMMON CHALLENGES AND HOW TO
AVOID THEM

17.1 DISRUPTION OF PLACEMENT
    17.101 In General
    17.102 Assessing the Birth Parents
    17.103 Inclusion of All Parties
    17.104 Qualifications of Social Worker

17.2 THE INDIAN CHILD WELFARE ACT
    17.201 Overview
    17.202 Policy of the Act
    17.203 Membership Requirements
    17.204 Jurisdiction
    17.205 Preemption of State Law
    17.206 Tribal Resolutions
    17.207 ICWA Procedural Requirements for Voluntary
    Placements
    17.208 ICWA Strategies

17.3 COURTROOM PRACTICE

APPENDICES
FORMS, SAMPLE PLEADINGS, AND INSTRUCTION SHEETS


APPENDIX 1: AGENCY PLACEMENT ADOPTIONS

APPENDIX 1-1 COVER LETTER TO AGENCY

APPENDIX 1-2 COVER LETTER FOR PETITION

APPENDIX 1-3 VERIFIED PETITION FOR ADOPTION

APPENDIX 1-4 ORDER OF REFERENCE

APPENDIX 1-5 FINAL ORDER OF ADOPTION

APPENDIX 1-6 INTERLOCUTORY ORDER

APPENDIX 1-7 FINAL ORDER OF ADOPTION AFTER
INTERLOCUTORY ORDER

APPENDIX 1-8 MOTION TO WAIVE REPORT OF INVESTIGATION

APPENDIX 1-9 FINAL ORDER OF ADOPTION WITH WAIVER OF
REPORT

APPENDIX 1-10 SELF-AUTHENTICATING AFFIDAVIT OF
IDENTITY PURSUANT TO SECTION 63.2-1202(K) OF
THE VIRGINIA CODE

APPENDIX 1-11 BIRTH PARENT RECOMMENDED PLACEMENT
ELECTION, WAIVER, AND VERIFICATION

APPENDIX 1-12 ADOPTIVE PARENT RECOMMENDED AGENCY
PLACEMENT VERIFICATION

APPENDIX 1-13 SAMPLE POST-ADOPTION CONTACT AND
COMMUNICATION AGREEMENT

APPENDIX 1-14 SAMPLE AGENCY CONSENT TO ADOPTION

APPENDIX 2: STEPPARENT AND CLOSE RELATIVE ADOPTIONS

APPENDIX 2-1 COVER LETTER TO CIRCUIT COURT

APPENDIX 2-2 PETITION FOR ADOPTION

APPENDIX 2-3 CONSENT TO ADOPTION BY BIRTH FATHER

APPENDIX 2-4 AFFIDAVIT THAT BIRTH FATHER’S IDENTITY
IS UNKNOWN

APPENDIX 2-5 ORDER OF REFERENCE

APPENDIX 2-6 FINAL ORDER OF ADOPTION

APPENDIX 2-7 PETITION FOR ADOPTION OF A CLOSE
RELATIVE .

APPENDIX 2-8 CONSENT UNDER OATH TO ADOPTION OF
CLOSE RELATIVE

APPENDIX 2-9 FINAL ORDER OF ADOPTION OF A
CLOSE RELATIVE

APPENDIX 3: PARENTAL PLACEMENT ADOPTIONS

APPENDIX 3-1 PARENTAL PLACEMENT ADOPTION CHECKLIST

APPENDIX 3-2 POWER OF ATTORNEY AND HIPAA COMPLIANT
MEDICAL AUTHORIZATION

APPENDIX 3-3 COVER LETTER FOR PETITION IN JUVENILE AND
DOMESTIC RELATIONS DISTRICT COURT

APPENDIX 3-4 PETITION FOR CONSENT HEARING IN JUVENILE
AND DOMESTIC RELATIONS DISTRICT COURT

APPENDIX 3-5 MOTION AND ORDER FOR APPOINTMENT OF
GUARDIAN AD LITEM

APPENDIX 3-6 OUT-OF-COURT CONSENT OF BIRTH FATHER

APPENDIX 3-7 BIRTH FATHER’S DENIAL OF PATERNITY

APPENDIX 3-8 NOTICE LETTER TO PUTATIVE BIRTH FATHER

APPENDIX 3-9 NOTICE LETTER TO NONPUTATIVE
BIRTH FATHER

APPENDIX 3-10 NOTICE OF HEARING TO NONPUTATIVE
BIRTH FATHER

APPENDIX 3-11 CERTIFICATION BY SOCIAL WORKER

APPENDIX 3-12 BIRTH MOTHER’S CONSENT TO ADOPTION
AND AFFIDAVIT OF PATERNITY

APPENDIX 3-13 ORDER [ACCEPTING CONSENTS AND
TRANSFERRING CUSTODY]

APPENDIX 3-14 COVER LETTER FOR CIRCUIT COURT
PETITION FOR ADOPTION

APPENDIX 3-15 CIRCUIT COURT PETITION FOR ADOPTION

APPENDIX 3-16 CIRCUIT COURT INTERLOCUTORY ORDER

APPENDIX 3-17 COVER LETTER TO CIRCUIT COURT WITH
FINAL ORDER OF ADOPTION

APPENDIX 3-18 CIRCUIT COURT FINAL ORDER OF ADOPTION

APPENDIX 3-19 PUTATIVE FATHER SEARCH REQUEST

APPENDIX 4: ADULT ADOPTIONS

APPENDIX 4-1 CIRCUIT COURT PETITION FOR ADOPTION

APPENDIX 4-2 CONSENT UNDER OATH BY ADULT ADOPTEE

APPENDIX 4-3 CIRCUIT COURT ORDER OF REFERENCE

APPENDIX 4-4 CIRCUIT COURT FINAL ORDER OF ADOPTION

APPENDIX 4-5 FLOW CHART FOR ADULT ADOPTION

APPENDIX 5: INTERSTATE ADOPTIONS

APPENDIX 5-1 PROCEDURES FOR PARENTAL PLACEMENTS
PURSUANT TO THE INTERSTATE COMPACT FOR THE
PLACEMENT OF CHILDREN

APPENDIX 5-2 WAIVER OF APPLICATION OF VIRGINIA
ENTRUSTMENT LAWS

APPENDIX 5-3 REGULATION NO. 12: PRIVATE/INDEPENDENT
ADOPTION

APPENDIX 5-4 FORM ICPC-100A WITH INSTRUCTIONS

APPENDIX 5-5 FORM ICPC-100B WITH INSTRUCTIONS

APPENDIX 6: INTERCOUNTRY ADOPTIONS

APPENDIX 6-1 APPLICATION FOR DETERMINATION OF
SUITABILITY TO ADOPT A CHILD FROM A CONVENTION
COUNTRY (FORM I-800A AND INSTRUCTIONS)

APPENDIX 6-2 PETITION TO CLASSIFY CONVENTION
ADOPTEE AS AN IMMEDIATE RELATIVE (FORM I-800
AND INSTRUCTIONS)

APPENDIX 6-3 APPLICATION FOR CERTIFICATE OF
CITIZENSHIP (FORM N-600 AND INSTRUCTIONS)

APPENDIX 6-4 APPLICATION FOR REPLACEMENT
NATURALIZATION/CITIZENSHIP DOCUMENT
(FORM N-565 AND INSTRUCTIONS)

APPENDIX 6-5 APPLICATION FOR ADVANCE PROCESSING OF
ORPHAN PETITION (FORM I-600A AND INSTRUCTIONS)

APPENDIX 6-6 PETITION TO CLASSIFY ORPHAN AS AN
IMMEDIATE RELATIVE (FORM I-600 AND INSTRUCTIONS)

APPENDIX 6-7 CIRCUIT COURT PETITION FOR ADOPTION

APPENDIX 6-8 ORDER OF REFERENCE

APPENDIX 6-9 CIRCUIT COURT FINAL ORDER OF ADOPTION
AFTER SIX MONTHS

APPENDIX 6-10 CIRCUIT COURT FINAL ORDER OF ADOPTION
AFTER 12 MONTHS

APPENDIX 6-11 HAGUE PROCESSING TIP SHEET (FORM M-738)

APPENDIX 6-12 ORPHAN HOME STUDY TIP SHEET
(FORM M-760)

APPENDIX 6-13 E-NOTIFICATION OF APPLICATION/PETITION
ACCEPTANCE (FORM G-1145)

APPENDIX 7: INDIAN CHILD WELFARE ACT

APPENDIX 7-1 ICWA CONSENT FORM

APPENDIX 7-2 ICWA JUDICIAL CERTIFICATION FORM

APPENDIX 7-3 PETITION TO THE JUVENILE COURT TO
ACCEPT CONSENT AND TRANSFER CUSTODY

APPENDIX 7-4 JUVENILE COURT ORDER CONFIRMING
CONSENTS AND GRANTING CUSTODY TO
ADOPTIVE PARENTS

APPENDIX 7-5 TRIBAL COUNCIL RESOLUTION APPROVING
ADOPTION

APPENDIX 8: STATE REPORTING FORMS

APPENDIX 8-1 VS-6: APPLICATION FOR CERTIFICATION OF
A VITAL RECORD

APPENDIX 8-2 VS-21: REPORT OF ADOPTIONbr />

APPENDIX 9: MISCELLANEOUS FORMS

APPENDIX 9-1 CONSENT OF MINOR 14 YEARS OF AGE
OR OLDER

APPENDIX 9-2 INFORMATION REGARDING MILITARY
REIMBURSEMENT PROGRAM

APPENDIX 9-3 SPECIAL NEEDS ADOPTION ASSISTANCE
AGREEMENT

APPENDIX 9-4 SAMPLE SURROGATE CONSENT AND
REPORT FORM

TABLE OF AUTHORITIES

INDEX


Authors

Editors

Colleen M. Quinn

Barbara C. Jones

Authors

Karen Stoutamyer Law

Thomas G. Nolan

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