Defending Criminal Cases in Virginia

Defending Criminal Cases in Virginia
Publication Date: 2016
Electronic Forms: 67
Available Formats: Print (900 pages, softcover, 1 volume)
  Electronic (searchable PDF via flash drive, CD, or immediate download)
  Both Print and Electronic formats
Product #: 877

Information

Content Highlights:
  • The Criminal Process
  • Right to Counsel
  • The Law of Arrest
  • Securing Pretrial Release
  • Search and Seizure
  • The Privilege Against Self-Incrimination
  • Confessions
  • Eyewitness Identification Procedures
  • Pretrial Proceedings
  • Constitutional and Statutory Doctrine Affecting The Trial
  • The Trial
  • Sentencing
  • Appeals

"I agreed to become an editor on this book, because I felt that it provided the most comprehensive explanation of Virginia Criminal Procedure currently available. Defending Criminal Cases in Virginia not only provides detailed explanations of procedures, but has drawn motion samples from some of the best criminal defense attorneys around the state."
- Corinne J. Magee, co-editor

"No other practice manual has the focus, emphasis and commitment to anticipating the needs of criminal defense attorneys who sometimes require fast answers, current information and useful recommendations."
- David L. Heilberg, co-editor

The only Virginia criminal practice text written by and for practicing criminal defense attorneys, Defending Criminal Cases in Virginia is a hands-on, start-to-finish tool for beginning and experienced criminal defense lawyers. It provides coverage of the entire process of representing criminal defendants from arrest through sentencing and appeal. Significant portions of the book are devoted to tactics and techniques and the practical advice is complemented by a large number of editable electronic forms.

This 2016 edition is up to date with legislatiive changes and case law through 2015. Three chapters, in particular, have been significantly updated since the last edition due to the rapdily changing nature of those areas of law – sentencing, search and seizure, and eyewitness identification.


New Multi-Book Discount. Buy ANY 2 books and save 20%, 3 books and save 30%, 4 or more and save 40%. Use coupon code BUYMORE.
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Virginia Criminal Practice Forms

Defense of Serious Traffic Cases in Virginia

Trial of Capital Murder Cases in Virginia

A Guide to the Rules of Evidence in Virginia

Objections: Interrogatories, Depositions, and Trial
 

 

Table of Contents

CHAPTER LIST

1. Introduction to the Criminal Process

2. Right to Counsel

3. The Law of Arrest

4. Securing Pretrial Release

5. Search and Seizure

6. The Privilege Against Self-Incrimination

7. Confessions

8. Eyewitness Identification Procedures

9. Pretrial Proceedings

10. Constitutional and Statutory Doctrine Affecting the Trial

11. The Trial

12. Sentencing

13. Appeals


CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION TO THE CRIMINAL PROCESS

1.1 THE CONCEPTS AND OBJECTIVES OF THE CRIMINAL
PROCESS
    1.101 Accusatory and Adversary System
    1.102 Procedural Due Process
    
1.2 SOURCES OF THE LAW
    1.201 Constitution, Laws, and Treaties of the United States
    1.202 Virginia Constitution
    1.203 Virginia Code of Criminal Procedure
    1.204 Rules of the Supreme Court of Virginia
    
1.3 TERMINOLOGY AND CLASSES OF OFFENSES
    1.301 Definitions
    1.302 Classification of Crimes
    1.303 Unclassified Crimes
    
1.4 THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM IN VIRGINIA
    1.401 In General
    1.402 The Courts
    1.403 Clerks of Court
    1.404 Commonwealth’s Attorneys
    1.405 Magistrates

1.5 SEQUENCE OF A TYPICAL CRIMINAL CASE

1.6 GENERAL DUTIES OF DEFENSE COUNSEL
    1.601 Initial Action
    1.602 Fee Arrangements
    1.603 Documenting Adequacy of Representation
    
1.7 PROFESSIONAL RESPONSIBILITY AND ETHICAL
CONSIDERATIONS
    1.701 In General
    1.702 Lawyer’s Duty to Provide Legal Service
    1.703 Competency to Handle Case
    1.704 Representing the Interests of the Client
    1.705 Preserving Client Confidences and Secrets
    1.706 Fees
    1.707 Termination of Representation
    
APPENDIX 1-1: FEE AGREEMENT LETTER

APPENDIX 1-2: RELEASE OF INFORMATION FORM

APPENDIX 1-3: CODEFENDANTS’ CONFLICT WAIVER

APPENDIX 1-4: COOPERATIVE DEFENSE AGREEMENT

APPENDIX 1-5: INITIAL CLIENT INTERVIEW CHECKLIST

CHAPTER 2: RIGHT TO COUNSEL

2.1 GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS
    2.101 Scope of Right
    2.102 Determination of Indigence

2.2 PROCEEDINGS IN WHICH THE RIGHT TO COUNSEL APPLIES 57
    2.201 In General
    2.202 Pretrial Proceedings
    2.203 Post-Trial Proceedings
    2.204 Duration of Appointment

2.3 WAIVER OF RIGHT TO COUNSEL; RIGHT TO PROCEED PRO SE
    2.301 In General
    2.302 Procedure
    2.303 Implied Waiver
    2.304 Right to Proceed Pro Se

2.4 COURT-APPOINTED COUNSEL AND PUBLIC DEFENDERS
    2.401 Standards for Court-Appointed Counsel
    2.402 Public Defender System
    2.403 Compensation of Court-Appointed Counsel

2.5 RIGHT TO OTHER SERVICES AT STATE EXPENSE
    2.501 Investigative and Expert Services
    2.502 Transcripts

2.6 LIABILITY FOR FEES AND COSTS

2.7 RIGHT TO EFFECTIVE ASSISTANCE OF COUNSEL
    2.701 In General
    2.702 Right to Adversarial Performance
    2.703 Right to Counsel in Preparing Defense
    2.704 Right to Competent Counsel
    2.705 Substitution of Court-Appointed Counsel
    2.706 Right to Non-Appointed Counsel of Choice

2.8 COLLATERAL CONSEQUENCES OF UNCOUNSELED
CONVICTION

APPENDIX 2-1: DC-333: FINANCIAL STATEMENT—ELIGIBILITY
DETERMINATION

APPENDIX 2-2: MOTION TO WITHDRAW AS COUNSEL

APPENDIX 2-3: ORDER PERMITTING WITHDRAWAL AS COUNSEL

APPENDIX 2-4: MOTION FOR APPOINTMENT OF EXPERTS

APPENDIX 2-5: MEMORANDUM IN SUPPORT OF MOTION FOR
APPOINTMENT OF EXPERTS

CHAPTER 3: THE LAW OF ARREST

3.1 GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS

3.2 THE act of arrest
    3.201 In General
    3.202 Constitutional Probable Cause Standard

3.3 WHEN WARRANT IS REQUIRED
    3.301 Constitutional Requirements
    3.302 Statutory Requirements
    
3.4 ARREST WITH WARRANT OR SUMMONS
    3.401 Authority to Issue Warrant or Summons
    3.402 Complaint
    3.403 Form and Content of Arrest Warrant
    3.404 Summons Instead of Warrant in Certain Cases
    3.405 Execution of Warrant or Summons

3.5 ARREST WITHOUT WARRANT
    3.501 General Statutory Authority
    3.502 Authority of Correctional Officers
    3.503 Territorial Authority
    3.504 Officer May Issue Summons in Certain Cases
    3.505 Officer Must Be in Uniform
    3.506 Pursuit and Arrest Incident to Escape or Flight
    from Custody
    3.507 Arrest Incident to Family Abuse or Violation of Protective
    Order
    3.508 Arrest of Illegal Aliens
    3.509 Arrest by Officer from Another State
    3.510 Use of Force

3.6 PROCEDURE After ARREST
    3.601 Procedure After Arrest With Warrant
    3.602 Procedure After Arrest Without Warrant
    3.603 Delay in Bringing Accused Before Magistrate
    3.604 Extradition
    
3.7 CONSEQUENCES OF ILLEGAL ARREST
    3.701 In General
    3.702 Derivative Evidence (Fruit of the Poisonous Tree)
    
3.8 STOP AND FRISK
    3.801 In General
    3.802 The Standard

3.9 ENTRAPMENT
    3.901 In General
    3.902 The Standard

APPENDIX 3-1: MOTION TO SUPPRESS; MOTION IN LIMINE

CHAPTER 4: SECURING PRETRIAL RELEASE

4.1 GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS
    4.101 The Constitutional Standard
    4.102 Practical Considerations
    4.103 Virginia Bail Bondsmen

4.2 THE STATUTORY STANDARD
    4.201 In General
    4.202 Authority to Grant Pretrial Release
    4.203 Setting Terms of Release

4.3 APPEAL AND HABEAS CORPUS

4.4 SECURING APPEARANCE OF MATERIAL WITNESS

4.5 PENALTIES FOR FAILURE TO APPEAR

4.6 RECOGNIZANCES
    4.601 Conditions
    4.602 Forfeiture

4.7 SATISFACTION AND DISCHARGE OF MISDEMEANOR

4.8 PEACE BOND

APPENDIX 4-1: QUESTIONNAIRE FOR BAIL INFORMATION

APPENDIX 4-2: MOTION TO SET/REDUCE BOND

APPENDIX 4-3: MOTION TO AMEND BOND

APPENDIX 4-4: APPEAL OF BOND DETERMINATION

CHAPTER 5: SEARCH AND SEIZURE

5.1 GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS
    5.101 Pervasive Themes
    5.102 The Concept of Probable Cause
    5.103 Establishing Probable Cause: Use of Hearsay
    5.104 Establishing Probable Cause: The “Staleness” Problem
    5.105 Establishing Probable Cause: Use of Dogs

5.2 SEARCHES WITH A WARRANT
    5.201 Who May Issue Warrant
    5.202 Property Subject to Search and Seizure
    5.203 The Affidavit
    5.204 Contents of Warrant
    5.205 Execution of the Warrant
    5.206 Testing the Facially Valid Warrant

5.3 WARRANTLESS SEARCHES
    5.301 In General
    5.302 Search Incident to Arrest
    5.303 Automobile Searches
    5.304 Miscellaneous Exceptions: Emergencies and the Community
    Caretaking Doctrine
    5.305 Waiver: Consent Searches
    5.306 The “Plain View” Doctrine
    5.307 Abandoned Property

5.4 ADMINISTRATIVE SEARCHES
    5.401 In General
    5.402 Probable Cause
    5.403 Warrantless Searches

5.5 FOURTH AMENDMENT STANDING
    5.501 History and Background
    5.502 Rakas v. Illinois and Its Progeny:
    The New Law of Standing

5.6 THE EXCLUSIONARY RULE
    5.601 History and Development
    5.602 Motions to Suppress
    5.603 Proceedings to Which the Rule Is Applicable
    5.604 The “Good Faith” Exception
    5.605 Application to Statutory Violations
    5.606 Indirect “Fruits” of an Illegal Search and Seizure
    5.607 Collateral Use of Illegally Seized Evidence

5.7 ELECTRONIC SURVEILLANCE AND RELATED ACTIVITIES
    5.701 History and Background
    5.702 The Federal Electronic Surveillance Statute
    5.703 The Virginia Electronic Surveillance Statute
    5.704 Related Activities
    
5.8 INFORMERS AND UNDERCOVER AGENTS

5.9 MISCELLANEOUS SEARCH AND SEIZURE PROBLEMS
    5.901 Searches by Private Parties
    5.902 Airport Security Measures
    5.903 Searches by Public School Authorities
    5.904 Drug Testing
    5.905 Pretextual Police Motive
    5.906 Roadblocks
    5.907 Body Cavity Searches
    5.908 Searches of Probationers
    5.909 DNA Testing
    
5.10 FORFEITURE
    5.1001 In General
    5.1002 Procedure

APPENDIX 5-1: NOTICE AND MOTION TO SUPPRESS

APPENDIX 5-2: MOTION TO SUPPRESS—UNLAWFUL SEARCH OF
RESIDENCE

APPENDIX 5-3: MEMORANDUM IN SUPPORT OF MOTION TO
SUPPRESS EVIDENCE FROM UNLAWFUL SEARCH OF
RESIDENCE

APPENDIX 5-4: MEMORANDUM IN SUPPORT OF MOTION TO
SUPPRESS EVIDENCE FROM UNLAWFUL SEARCH OF
COMPUTER

APPENDIX 5-5: MEMORANDUM IN SUPPORT OF MOTION TO
SUPPRESS EVIDENCE FROM WARRANTLESS SEARCH

APPENDIX 5-6: MEMORANDUM IN SUPPORT OF MOTION TO
SUPPRESS EVIDENCE FROM UNLAWFUL STOP

CHAPTER 6: THE PRIVILEGE AGAINST SELF-INCRIMINATION

6.1 INTRODUCTION
    6.101 Historical Development
    6.102 Justifications for the Privilege
    6.103 The Privilege and Police Interrogation

6.2 PROCEEDINGS IN WHICH THE PRIVILEGE MAY BE ASSERTED
    6.201 In General
    6.202 Pretrial Discovery
    6.203 Psychiatric Examinations

6.3 WHO MAY ASSERT THE PRIVILEGE

6.4 HOW THE PRIVILEGE IS ASSERTED

6.5 NATURE OF THE PRIVILEGE
    6.501 In General
    6.502 Compulsion
    6.503 Testimonial Communication
    6.504 Incrimination
    6.505 Governmental Reporting Requirements

6.6 WAIVER

6.7 IMMUNITY

6.8 CONSEQUENCES OF ASSERTING THE PRIVILEGE
    6.801 In General
    6.802 Impeachment with or Comment upon Individual’s Silence
    6.803 Assertion of the Privilege on Cross-Examination
    6.804 Jury Instructions
    6.805 Governmental Sanctions

APPENDIX 6-1: MOTION IN LIMINE TO PREVENT PROSECUTORIAL
COMMENT

APPENDIX 6-2: MOTION IN LIMINE TO PREVENT CROSSEXAMINATION

APPENDIX 6-3: MOTION TO QUASH SEARCH WARRANT

CHAPTER 7: CONFESSIONS

7.1 INTRODUCTION

7.2 RIGHTS WARNINGS
    7.201 In General
    7.202 When Rights Warnings Are Required
    7.203 Miranda Warnings Generally
    7.204 Giving Miranda Warnings
    7.205 Waiver and Affirmative Exercise of Miranda Rights
    7.206 Miranda Exclusionary Rule

7.3 RIGHT TO COUNSEL AT INTERROGATIONS

7.4 VOLUNTARINESS DOCTRINE
    7.401 In General
    7.402 Coercion
    7.403 Nature of the Declarant
    7.404 Deceit

7.5 LITIGATING ADMISSIBILITY OF ADMISSIONS AND
CONFESSIONS
    7.501 In General
    7.502 Corroboration

APPENDIX 7-1: MOTION IN LIMINE—INTRODUCE DEFENDANT’S
WHOLE STATEMENT

APPENDIX 7-2: MOTION TO SUPPRESS DEFENDANT’S
STATEMENTS

APPENDIX 7-3: MOTION TO SUPPRESS STATEMENTS—
LONG FORM

CHAPTER 8: EYEWITNESS IDENTIFICATION PROCEDURES

8.1 INTRODUCTION
    8.101 Background
    8.102 Other Constitutional Concerns

8.2 THE RIGHT TO COUNSEL
    8.201 In General
    8.202 When the Right Attaches
    8.203 Scope of the Right
    8.204 Attorney’s Role in Identification Proceedings
    8.205 Waiver
    8.206 Application of the Exclusionary Rule

8.3 suggestive pretrial identification procedures
    8.301 Background
    8.302 The Standard
    8.303 Application of the Standard
    8.304 Use of Expert Witnesses

8.4 evolving jurisprudence
    8.401 New Jersey “Reliability” Test
    8.402 Impact on Virginia
    8.403 Recent Cases

APPENDIX 8-1: MOTION FOR NON-SUGGESTIVE IDENTIFICATION
PROCEDURE

APPENDIX 8-2: MOTION TO SUPPRESS UNDULY SUGGESTIVE
IDENTIFICATION

APPENDIX 8-3: MEMORANDUM BASED ON NEW JERSEY V.
HENDERSON

APPENDIX 8-4: VIRGINIA DEPARTMENT OF CRIMINAL JUSTICE
SERVICES: MODEL POLICY ON
EYEWITNESS IDENTIFICATION

CHAPTER 9: PRETRIAL PROCEEDINGS

9.1 INITIAL INVESTIGATION AND CLIENT INTERVIEW
    9.101 Value and Purpose of Interview
    9.102 Preparation for Interview and Initial Steps
    9.103 Conducting the Interview
    9.104 Advice to the Client

9.2 DISCOVERY
    9.201 Defendant’s Discovery Generally
    9.202 Commonwealth’s Duty to Disclose Exculpatory Evidence
    
9.3 THE PRELIMINARY HEARING
    9.301 In General
    9.302 Procedure
    9.303 Practice

9.4 THE GRAND JURY
    9.401 General Functions
    9.402 Regular Grand Juries: Selection and Operation
    9.403 Regular Grand Juries: Hearings and Deliberations
    9.404 Special Grand Juries
    9.405 Representing Clients Before Grand Juries
    9.406 Multi-Jurisdiction Grand Juries

9.5 THE CHARGE UPON WHICH THE ACCUSED IS TRIED
    9.501 In General
    9.502 Form and Content of the Indictment and the Information
    9.503 Joinder of Offenses or Defendants in an Indictment or
    Information
    9.504 The Formal Charge
    9.505 Amendment to the Formal Charge
    9.506 Bill of Particulars

9.6 THE ARRAIGNMENT
    9.601 Scope
    9.602 Procedure

9.7 PLEAS
    9.701 Permissible Pleas
    9.702 Procedure for Entering Guilty Plea
    9.703 Requirement That Plea Be Voluntary and Intelligent
    9.704 Consequences of Guilty Plea
    9.705 Withdrawal of Plea
    9.706 Practice

9.8 PLEA-BARGAINING

9.9 PRETRIAL MOTIONS
    9.901 In General
    9.902 Categories of Defenses and Objections
    9.903 Procedure
    9.904 Affidavits and Certificates of Analysis
    9.905 Jurisdiction and Venue
    9.906 Motions in Limine
    9.907 Insanity Defense
    9.908 Competency to Stand Trial
    9.909 Continuance
    
APPENDIX 9-1: NOTICE AND MOTION TO CLARIFY
COMMONWEALTH’S DISCOVERY OBLIGATIONS

APPENDIX 9-2: DEFENDANT’S MOTION TO COMPEL

APPENDIX 9-3: MOTION FOR SEPARATE TRIAL AS TO CHARGES

APPENDIX 9-4: MOTION FOR SEPARATE TRIAL AS TO
CODEFENDANT

APPENDIX 9-5: ORDER GRANTING SEPARATE TRIAL FROM
CODEFENDANT

APPENDIX 9-6: MOTION FOR A BILL OF PARTICULARS

APPENDIX 9-7: MOTION FOR CLOSURE OF PRELIMINARY
HEARING

APPENDIX 9-8: MOTION IN LIMINE TO PRECLUDE TESTIMONY
REGARDING COLLATERAL EVIDENCE

APPENDIX 9-9: MOTION IN LIMINE TO EXCLUDE 911 TAPE

APPENDIX 9-10: MOTION FOR APPOINTMENT OF MENTAL HEALTH
EXPERT

APPENDIX 9-11: MOTION TO DISMISS—NOT A LESSER INCLUDED
OFFENSE

APPENDIX 9-12: MOTION FOR BILL OF PARTICULARS

APPENDIX 9-13: MOTION FOR CONTINUANCE

APPENDIX 9-14: CONTINUANCE ORDER

APPENDIX 9-15: MOTION FOR DISCOVERY AND INSPECTION—SHORT
FORM

APPENDIX 9-16: MOTION FOR DISCOVERY AND INSPECTION—LONG
FORM

APPENDIX 9-17: NOTICE OF MOTION

APPENDIX 9-18: MOTION IN LIMINE TO LIMIT PRESENTATION OF
PHOTOGRAPHS

APPENDIX 9-19: SUGGESTED QUESTIONS TO BE PUT BY THE COURT
TO AN ACCUSED WHO HAS PLEADED GUILTY

APPENDIX 9-20: MISDEMEANOR PROCEEDINGS IN DISTRICT AND
CIRCUIT COURTS -- SUGGESTED QUESTIONS TO BE ASKED
WHEN TAKING PLEAS OF GUILTY ORNOLO CONTENDERE

CHAPTER 10: CONSTITUTIONAL AND STATUTORY
DOCTRINES AFFECTING THE TRIAL


10.1 STATUTES OF LIMITATIONS

10.2 PUBLIC TRIAL; PRESENCE OF THE ACCUSED; PHYSICAL
RESTRAINTS
    10.201 Public Trial
    10.202 Presence of the Accused
    10.203 Physical Restraint

10.3 PREJUDICIAL PUBLICITY
    10.301 In General
    10.302 Judicial Authority to Control or Prevent
    Prejudicial Publicity
    10.303 Broadcasting of Trials
    10.304 Procedure Following Excessive Publicity
    
10.4 BURDENS OF PROOF AND PRESUMPTIONS
    10.401 Background
    10.402 Shifting the Burden to the Defendant
    10.403 Inferences and Presumptions
    10.404 Sentencing

10.5 SPEEDY TRIAL
    10.501 In General
    10.502 The Constitutional Standard
    10.503 The Statutory Standards
    
10.6 DOUBLE JEOPARDY AND COLLATERAL ESTOPPEL
    10.601 In General
    10.602 When Jeopardy Attaches
    10.603 Mistrials
    10.604 Retrial Following Appeal
    10.605 The “Same Offense” Concept
    10.606 Multiple Punishments for the Same Offense
    10.607 Forfeitures and Administrative Sanctions
    10.608 Statutory Implementation
    10.609 Collateral Estoppel and Res Judicata
    
10.7 CONFRONTATION AND CROSS-EXAMINATION
    10.701 In General
    10.702 Hearsay
    10.703 Prior Recorded Testimony
    10.704 Extrajudicial Statements of a Codefendant
    10.705 Adverse Witnesses
    10.706 The Right to “Face” One’s Accusers
    10.707 Cross-Examination of Prosecution Witnesses

10.8 COMPULSORY PROCESS
    10.801 In General
    10.802 Witnesses
    10.803 Documentary Evidence and Objects

10.9 JUDICIAL OR PROSECUTORIAL MISCONDUCT, BIAS, OR
DISABILITY
    10.901 In General
    10.902 Judges
    10.903 Prosecutors
    
10.10 EX POST FACTO LAWS

10.11 RETROACTIVITY OF COURT DECISIONS AND STATUTES

10.12 ACCORD AND SATISFACTION

APPENDIX 10-1: AFFIDAVIT AND AGREEMENT BASED UPON ACCORD
AND SATISFACTION

APPENDIX 10-2: MOTION TO DISMISS BASED ON ACCORD AND
SATISFACTION

APPENDIX 10-3: MOTION TO DISMISS—STATUTE OF LIMITATIONS

APPENDIX 10-4: MOTION TO DISMISS INDICTMENT

APPENDIX 10-5: ORDER TO SECURE ATTENDANCE OF OUT-OF-STATE
WITNESSES

APPENDIX 10-6: CERTIFICATE FOR ATTENDANCE OF OUT-OF-STATE
WITNESS

APPENDIX 10-7: PETITION FOR CERTIFICATE FOR OUT-OF-STATE
WITNESS

APPENDIX 10-8: MOTION FOR RECUSAL

CHAPTER 11: THE TRIAL

11.1 VENUE AND CHANGE OF VENUE
    11.101 Venue
    11.102 Change of Venue

11.2 JURY SELECTION
    11.201 Right to Jury Trial
    11.202 Number of Jurors
    11.203 Selection and Summons Procedures
    11.204 Errors in the Selection Process.
    11.205 Statutory Qualifications and Exemptions
    11.206 Challenge to Jurors
    11.207 Jury Selection: Practice

11.3 OPENING STATEMENT
    11.301 In General
    11.302 Scope and Limits
    11.303 Objections
    11.304 Practice

11.4 PRESENTING THE EVIDENCE
    11.401 Testimony of the Accused
    11.402 Witnesses
    11.403 Exclusion of Witnesses
    11.404 Expert Witnesses
    11.405 Motion for Mistrial
    11.406 Motion to Strike the Evidence
    11.407 Practice: Planning the Defense

11.5 INSTRUCTIONS TO THE JURY
    11.501 Procedure
    11.502 Purpose and Scope
    11.503 Content of Instructions

11.6 ARGUMENT IN SUMMATION
    11.601 In General
    11.602 Limitations
    11.603 Objections
    11.604 Practice

11.7 VERDICT AND POST-VERDICT MOTIONS
    11.701 Verdict
    11.702 Polling the Jury
    11.703 Motion to Set Aside the Verdict
    11.704 Motion for a New Trial on the Basis of Newly Discovered
    Evidence
    11.705 Juror Misconduct
    11.706 Expungement

APPENDIX 11-1: JUROR QUESTIONNAIRE

APPENDIX 11-2: MOTION IN LIMINE TO HAVE THE DEFENDANT
PRESENTED IN THE COURTROOM NOT IN HANDCUFFS AND
JAIL UNIFORM

APPENDIX 11-3: MOTION IN LIMINE TO LIMIT THE PRESENCE OF
LAW ENFORCEMENT PERSONNEL IN THE COURTROOM

APPENDIX 11-4: MOTION TO RECONSIDER

APPENDIX 11-5: PETITION FOR EXPUNGEMENT OF CRIMINAL
RECORD

APPENDIX 11-6: ORDER OF EXPUNGEMENT

CHAPTER 12: SENTENCING

12.1 AUTHORITY TO SENTENCE
    12.101 Jury Trials
    12.102 Bench Trials

12.2 SENTENCING LIMITATIONS

12.3 DISCRETIONARY SENTENCING GUIDELINES
    12.301 In General
    12.302 Departure from Guidelines
    12.303 Applicable Version of Guidelines
    12.304 Federal Sentencing Guidelines
    12.305 Failure to Submit a Sentencing Factor to the Jury
    12.306 Post-Release Supervision
    12.307 Double Jeopardy Challenge to a Concurrent Sentence

12.4 PRONOUNCEMENT AND ALLOCUTION
    12.401 Pronouncement
    12.402 Allocution

12.5 PRESENTENCE INVESTIGATION AND REPORT AND VICTIM
IMPACT STATEMENT
    12.501 Procedure
    12.502 Contents of the Report
    12.503 Victim Impact Statement
    12.504 Hearsay

12.6 PROBATION OR SUSPENSION OF SENTENCE
    12.601 In General
    12.602 Terms and Conditions
    12.603 Revocation
    12.604 Deferred Disposition after Entry of Guilty Plea
    
12.7 INDETERMINATE COMMITMENT
    12.701 Authority of Court
    12.702 Procedure
    12.703 Terms
    12.704 Release Procedure

12.8 SPECIAL SENTENCING PROVISIONS
    12.801 Concurrent and Consecutive Sentences
    12.802 Third Conviction of Act of Violence
    12.803 Crimes Involving Sexual Abnormality
    12.804 Conviction of a Combination of Felonies and
    Misdemeanors
    12.805 Use of a Firearm in Commission of Specified Felonies
    12.806 Boot Camp Incarceration
    12.807 Other Alternative or Additional Sentencing

12.9 CRUEL AND UNUSUAL PUNISHMENT

12.10 JUDGMENT
    12.1001 Procedure
    12.1002 Finality

CHAPTER 13: APPEALS

13.1 APPEALS IN CRIMINAL CASES GENERALLY
    13.101 General Constitutional and Statutory Framework
    13.102 Client’s Decision to Appeal
    13.103 Waiver of Right to Appeal by Pleading Guilty
    13.104 Appointment of Counsel and Expenses of Appeal
    13.105 Retrial Following Appeal
    13.106 Fugitive Disentitlement Doctrine

13.2 THE VIRGINIA COURT OF APPEALS
    13.201 In General
    13.202 Jurisdiction in Criminal Cases

13.3 APPEAL FROM CIRCUIT COURT TO COURT OF APPEALS
    13.301 Preliminary Steps
    13.302 Filing the Notice of Appeal
    13.303 Contents of Notice of Appeal
    13.304 Record on Appeal
    13.305 Petition for Appeal and Brief in Opposition
    13.306 Oral Argument and Disposition of Petition for Appeal
    13.307 Procedure for Appeals of Right and Awarded Appeals
    13.308 Appendix
    13.309 Oral Argument
    13.310 Disposition of the Appeal
    13.311 The “Right Result for the Wrong Reason” Doctrine
    13.312 Certification to Supreme Court
    
13.4 APPEAL FROM COURT OF APPEALS TO SUPREME COURT
    13.401 Notice of Appeal
    13.402 Record on Appeal
    13.403 Petition for Appeal
    13.404 Brief in Opposition
    13.405 Assignments of Cross-Error
    13.406 Oral Argument and Disposition of Petition for Appeal
    13.407 Procedure After Petition Is Granted
    13.408 Briefs and Arguments

13.5 APPEAL FROM DISTRICT COURT TO CIRCUIT COURT
    13.501 In General
    13.502 Procedure
    13.503 Effect on Sentence and Charge in Circuit Court
    13.504 Attorney’s Duties to Client

13.6 COMMONWEALTH APPEALS
    13.601 In General
    13.602 Procedure
    13.603 Disposition

13.7 WRIT OF ACTUAL INNOCENCE
    13.701 Motion to Circuit Court for Investigation of New Biological
    Evidence
    13.702 Petition to Supreme Court for Writ of Actual Innocence
    (Biological Evidence)
    13.703 Action Not Basis for Relief by Habeas Corpus, Appellate
    Proceeding, or Action for Damages (Biological Evidence)
    13.704 Petition for Writ Based on Non-biological Evidence
    13.705 Bond Pending Hearing

13.8 DELAYED APPEALS

APPENDIX 13-1: AFFIDAVIT TO WITHDRAW A CRIMINAL APPEAL

APPENDIX 13-2: NOTICE OF APPEAL FROM TRIAL COURT (RULE 5A:6)

APPENDIX 13-3: BOND FOR COSTS AND SUSPENSION ON APPEAL

APPENDIX 13-4: ADDITIONAL SECURITY FOR APPEAL

APPENDIX 13-5: DEMAND FOR HEARING BY THREE-JUDGE PANEL

APPENDIX 13-6: MOTION FOR EXTENSION OF TIME TO FILE
TRANSCRIPTS

APPENDIX 13-7: INSTRUCTIONS AND FORMS FOR A PETITION FOR A
WRIT OF ACTUAL INNOCENCE TO THE SUPREME COURT OF
VIRGINIA

APPENDIX 13-8: PETITION FOR A WRIT OF ACTUAL INNOCENCE
BASED ON NONBIOLOGICAL EVIDENCE -- THE COURT OF
APPEALS OF VIRGINIA

Authors

Editors

David L. Heilberg, Dygert Wright Hobbs & Heilberg, PLC / Charlottesville (Expand/Collapse Bio)

David L. Heilberg, co-editor of this book, author of Chapter 8, is a partner at the firm Dygert Wright Hobbs & Heilberg, PLC, in Charlottesville. Mr. Heilberg has more than 30 years of experience frequently handling bench and jury trials. He received his B.A. from Union College in 1975 and his J.D. from Washington & Lee University in 1979, where he now teaches trial advocacy as adjunct faculty. He started his private law practice in Charlottesville in 1982 after prosecuting in Harrisonburg and Rockingham County for three years. Mr. Heilberg was the 2011 President of the Virginia Association of Criminal Defense Lawyers and regularly represents clients throughout Central Virginia and the Shenandoah Valley. Starting in 2011, Mr. Heilberg has been annually designated as a Super Lawyer in Virginia in the field of criminal defense. His practice areas include adult and juvenile (Virginia and Federal) criminal, capital murder, driving under the influence, traffic, personal injury, Social Security disability, professional malpractice, civil trials, and appeals.

Corinne J. Magee, The Magee Law Firm /McLean (Expand/Collapse Bio)

Corinne J. Magee, co-editor of this book, and author of Chapters 3, 4, 9, and 10, is a principal at The Magee Law Firm in McLean. Ms. Magee graduated with honors from the National Law Center at the George Washington University in 1979. Before starting The Magee Law Firm with her husband in 2003, she worked as a staff attorney for the Rhode Island Supreme Court, as an Assistant Commonwealth’s Attorney in Fairfax County, and as a solo practitioner, focusing on criminal defense.

Ms. Magee is an active member of the Fairfax County Bar Association, where she previously chaired the Criminal Practice Section for 12 years. She is a past-president of the Virginia Association of Criminal Defense Lawyers (VACDL), a member of the National Association of Criminal Defense Lawyers NACDL), and a member of the criminal practice sections of The Virginia Bar Association and the Virginia Trial Lawyers Association (VTLA). She regularly teaches continuing legal education courses for the Fairfax Bar Association, VACDL, VTLA, Virginia CLE, and the Virginia Indigent Defense Commission, as well as a number of other bar associations and organizations. In 2007, Ms. Magee was recognized as one of Virginia’s Leaders in the Law for her work in challenging the abusive driver civil remedial fees in the courts.

Ms. Magee has authored an article, “When Juries Punish too Much; Virginia’s Sentencing System Scares Criminal Defendants Away From Trial,” 27 Legal Times 27 (March 22, 2004), and has written the Fairfax Criminal Practice Manual (2006), which is distributed by the Fairfax Bar Association.

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